TABLE 4

Univariate and Multivariate Regression Analyses Examining Predictors of Insulin Resistance, Fasting Blood Glucose, and 2-Hour Blood Glucose

PredictorUnivariate AnalysisMultivariate Analysis
Standardized Parameter EstimatePStandardized Parameter EstimateP
Insulin resistance
 Sex0.019.820.028.80
 BMI0.536<.001*
 WC0.530<.001*
 Percent body fat0.394<.001*
 FMI0.491<.001*0.40.01*
 LMI0.260.0020.235.04*
 Smoking history−0.053.52
 Birth weight−0.268.001*−0.224.007*
 Group0.251.002*
 Change in BMI from 8 y to current0.538<.001*0.028.86
 MODELR2 adjusted, 0.315<.001*
Fasting glucose
 Sex0.295<.001*0.449<.001*
 BMI0.231.004*
 WC0.342<.001*
 Percent body fat0.063.45
 FMI0.163.048*0.463.005*
 LMI0.275.001*0.091.43
 Smoking history−0.163.04*−0.140.06
 Birth weight−0.206.01*−0.170.047*
 Group0.215.007*
 Change in BMI from 8 y to current0.240.003*−0.209.21
 Retinopathy of prematurity0.167.17
 MODELR2 adjusted, 0.218<.001*
2-h glucose
 Sex−0.011.900.133.26
 BMI0.328<.001*
 WC0.385<.001*
 Percent body fat0.334<.001*
 FMI0.396<.001*0.389.021*
 LMI0.10200.041.74
 Smoking history−0.180.03*−0.146.06
 Birth weight−0.275.001*−0.164.07
 Group0.244.003*
 Change in BMI from 8 y to current0.375<.001*0.028.87
 Retinopathy of prematurity0.257.037
 MODELR2 adjusted, 0.210<.001*