TABLE 1

Baseline Characteristics of Youth Aged 18 to 24 y in At Home/Chez Soi

Characteristic"Housing First" (n = 87)aTreatment As Usual (n = 69)a
Age, y21.5 (1.4)21.6 (1.6)
Non–male genderb38 (44%)23 (33%)
Racial, ethnic, or cultural identity
 Aboriginal19 (22%)22 (32%)
 Ethnoracial32 (37%)23 (33%)
 White36 (41%)24 (35%)
Born outside Canada14 (16%)11 (16%)
Current housing status
 Absolutely homeless73 (84%)62 (90%)
 Precariously housed14 (16%)7 (10%)
Age first homeless, y17.8 (3.3)18.4 (3.0)
Lifetime duration homeless, y2.3 (2.3)1.9 (1.8)
 Median (IQR)1.5 (0.7–3.4)1.0 (0.5–3.0)
Education
 Did not complete high school69 (79%)49 (71%)
 Completed high school only10 (11%)14 (20%)
 Some postsecondary school8 (9%)6 (9%)
Median income, Canadian dollars393.50 (130.00–725.00)301.50 (123.00–599.50)
Mental disorder (current)
 Major depressive episode43 (49%)37 (54%)
 Manic or hypomanic episode17 (20%)16 (23%)
 Posttraumatic stress disorder30 (34%)25 (36%)
 Panic disorder19 (22%)9 (13%)
 Mood disorder with psychotic features13 (15%)12 (17%)
 Psychotic disorder27 (31%)17 (25%)
 Drug use disorder56 (64%)45 (65%)
 Alcohol use disorder41 (47%)39 (56%)
Suicidality
 Moderate/high35 (40%)28 (41%)
 No/low52 (60%)41 (59%)
MCAS60.1 (6.8)59.5 (7.6)
  • IQR, interquartile range; MCAS, Multnomah Community Ability Scale: possible scores range from 17 to 85, with higher scores indicating a higher level of community functioning.

  • a Data are n (%) or mean (SD).

  • b Gender was self-reported as male, female, transgender, transsexual, other, or declined to answer. “Female” was combined with all responses other than male for privacy reasons due to small numbers.