TABLE 1

Characteristics and Cardiometabolic Health Indicators (at Current Visit) of ELBW and NBW Participants

CharacteristicValid nELBW (n = 100)Valid nNBW (n = 89)P
Male10040 (40)8937 (42).83
Age, y10031.63 ± 1.668931.96 ± 1.42.15
Married or common-law9643 (45)8751 (59).06
Total household income, median, $10040 000–49 9998960 000–69 999
Birth weight, g100829.00 ± 130.38893391.30 ± 442.28<.001*
Gestational age, wk10027.10 ± 2.45
Maternal smoking10018 (18)
Maternal steroid exposure9345 (48)
Retinopathy of prematurity10034 (34)
Change in birth weight to 8 y, kg9421.37 ± 4.648924.49 ± 5.24<.001*
Medication
 BP-lowering medication1004 (4)894 (4).87
 Insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents1002 (2)891 (1).62
Never smoked10057 (57)8945 (51).38
Family history of diabetes10054 (54)8940 (45).27
Family history of early heart disease10039 (39)8924 (27).21
Height, m951.64 ± 0.10881.71 ± 0.11<.001*
Weight, kg9571.90 ± 16.548877.50 ± 18.28.03*
BMI9526.91 ± 6.418826.49 ± 5.08.63
Change in BMI from 8 y to current9111.97 ± 5.82889.77 ± 4.68.006*
WC, cm9585.69 ± 14.648884.63 ± 13.55.61
Total body fat, %9235.45 ± 10.818030.75 ± 10.49.004*
LMI, kg/m29215.82 ± 2.408016.71 ± 2.43.02*
FMI, kg/m2929.38 ± 4.80807.73 ± 3.51.012*
Systolic BP, mm Hg94113.77 ± 11.9388108.86 ± 10.59.004*
Diastolic BP, mm Hg9473.74 ± 10.008870.55 ± 8.27.02*
Total cholesterol, mmol/L894.77 ± 0.96804.67 ± 0.87.47
Triglycerides, mmol/L891.38 ± 0.73801.22 ± 1.01.22
HDL cholesterol, mmol/L891.50 ± 0.46801.50 ± 0.40.98
LDL cholesterol, mmol/L892.69 ± 0.86802.65 ± 0.76.76
Total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol893.47 ± 1.26803.31 ± 1.07.38
Fasting plasma glucose, mmol/L815.17 ± 0.68734.89 ± 0.59.007*
2-h plasma glucose, mmol/L786.49 ± 2.50725.40 ± 1.77.003*
Fasting insulin, pmol/L7594.79 ± 66.857271.07 ± 64.36.03*
HOMA-IR 751.76 ± 1.22721.30 ± 1.14.02*
  • Unless otherwise indicated, data are presented as n (%) or mean ± SD. HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein. —, no data for full term cohort.

  • * P < .05.