TABLE 3

Substance Type Among Prenatally Exposed Black, Hispanic, and White Births in California in 2006

Substance Documented at BirthaAll BirthsBlackHispanicWhiteχ2 Test
n%n%n%n%
Amphetamine275437.118214.3153951.3131641.6P < .001
Cannabis235931.859146.665621.9111235.2P < .001
Opioids114315.414511.454518.256417.8P < .001
Cocaine88111.938730.52929.72026.4P < .001
Alcohol5136.91048.22398.02287.2P = .409
Neonatal drug withdrawal syndrome4806.5463.61906.32909.2P < .001
  • a Births with >1 type of substance use documented are counted more than once.