TABLE 1

Pretest Characteristics, by Condition

CharacteristicControlF&VP
n250249
Age, y8.2 (0.74)8.0 (0.72).026a
Male gender110 (22)116 (23).562b
Second grade116 (23)141 (28).022b
  • Values are expressed as mean (SD) or n (%).

  • a Independent t test.

  • b χ2 test.