TABLE 2

Critical Appraisal Criteria

CriteriaDescription
1. Having a defined sampleDefined eligibility and exclusion criteria for their sample; and time period (dates) and location(s) of recruitment and assessment. If details were reported in a previous article, those articles were retrieved and inspected for this information.
2. Having a representative sampleArticles were considered representative and given a score of 1 (“Yes”) if they included cohorts recruited from the general population, or from multisite studies and/or large databases of consecutively recruited samples. Single-site clinical studies were given a score of 0 (“No”).
3. Outcome rater blindingStudy staff were considered blinded if they were unaware of a FASD diagnosis, previous ASEBA scores, and/or presence/absence of PAE during administration of the ASEBA (whichever was applicable). Articles were scored as 0 if blinding was not mentioned and if it was unclear whether the ASEBA was self-administered.
4. Reporting of relevant ASEBA dataT scores, raw scores, and/or proportion (n, %, or OR) within defined clinical ranges reported for the primary outcome measures (Total competence, Total problems, Internalizing, and/or Externalizing scores); and/or for the narrowband measures, DSM-oriented scales, and 2007 scales.
5. Adequate sample sizePower calculation provided.
6. Statistical adjustment for prenatal exposure to other substancesStatistical adjustment for prenatal exposure to other substances in the analyses used to generate the ASEBA results extracted for this review. Articles were also scored 1 if they excluded participants with prenatal exposure to other substances of abuse (in their eligibility/exclusion criteria).
7. Statistical adjustment for other behavioral diagnosesStatistical adjustment for presence of other psychiatric/behavioral diagnoses (in the child) in analyses used to generate ASEBA results extracted for this review, including by comparison with contrast groups with no teratogenic causes. Articles were also scored 1 if they excluded participants with other psychiatric/behavioral diagnoses (in eligibility/exclusion criteria).
  • Each of the above criteria were given a score of 0 (“no” or “unsure”) or 1 (“yes”), and the scores for each of the 7 domains summed to give a total score out of 7 for each article.

  • DSM, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.