TABLE 1

Population-Based Surveys Measuring Past-year Violence Against Children: Characteristics and Survey Quality Indicators

CharacteristicsQuality
Age Group for Review, YSurvey Type (Ref. No.)No. of CountriesCountriesStandard DefinitionTrainingProbabilistic SamplingWeighted AnalysesCoverageParticipation
NATREGMUN
2–14MICS (12, 24, 45)33Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belize, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Kenya, Montenegro, Macedonia, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Trinidad & Tobago, Vietnam, Ukraine, Yemen3333333333Not Reported
WorldSafe (13)6Brazil, Egypt, India, United States, Chile, Philippines66661533%–99%
NatSCEV (11, 38, 40, 41, 47)1United States11111Variable across samples, 14%–67%
CTS (35, 37, 39, 43)3Canada, Italy, Finland3311250%–57%
15–17VACS (10, 18, 25–30, 31, 44)8Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Tanzania, Haiti, Malawi, Nigeria, Cambodia8888888%–98%
GSHS (15, 17, 19, 20, 22, 23)21Botswana, Brazil, Chile, China, Egypt, Guyana, Jordan, Lebanon, Kenya, Morocco, Namibia, Oman, Philippines, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe212121212184%
HBSC (14, 21, 32, 42)37Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United States, Wales373737373760%
National Survey of School Health (PeNSE) (48)1Brazil1111183%
YRBS, Physical dating violence (36, 46)1United States1111167%
Bullying (17, 33, 34)3New Zealand, Pakistan, Australia1211245%–70%
  • MUN, municipal; NAT, national; REG, regional.