TABLE 2

Study Population Characteristics by Randomization Group

Low-Literacy Action Plan (n = 61), n (%)Standard Action Plan (n = 58), n (%)P
Provider characteristics
 Age, ya
  ≤3038 (63.3)35 (60.3).8
  31–4010 (16.7)12 (20.7)
  41–507 (11.7)8 (13.8)
  ≥51b5 (8.3)3 (5.2)
 Gender, female45 (75.0)49 (84.5).3
 Country of birth: US, n (%)53 (86.9)51 (87.9)1.0
 Race or ethnicity, n (%)b
  Hispanic4 (6.7)4 (6.9).9
  Non-Hispanic
   White42 (70.0)42 (72.4)
   Black2 (3.3)3 (5.2)
   Asian10 (16.7)8 (13.8)
   Other2 (3.3)1 (1.7)
 Physician training category
  Resident year 110 (16.4)9 (15.5).9
  Resident year 216 (26.2)14 (24.1)
  Resident year 311 (18.0)13 (22.4)
  Fellow or attending24 (39.3)22 (37.9)
 Site
  NYU32 (52.5)32 (55.2).9
  Northwestern29 (47.5)26 (44.8)
Asthma-related experience
 How often provide clinical care to children with asthmab
  Often35 (58.3)36 (62.1).3
  Sometimes24 (40.0)18 (31.0)
  Rarely1 (1.7)4 (6.9)
 Ever used a written asthma action plan to counsel57 (93.4)54 (93.1)1.0
 How often do you counsel using a written asthma action plan
  Often20 (32.8)12 (20.7).5
  Sometimes23 (37.7)28 (48.3)
  Rarely13 (21.3)14 (24.1)
  Never5 (8.2)4 (6.9)
 Confidence in ability to explain written asthma action planc.8
  Confident19 (32.2)19 (32.8)
  Somewhat confident28 (47.5)24 (41.4)
  Slightly confident10 (16.9)11 (19.0)
  Not confident2 (3.4)4 (6.9)
  • a No study subjects >60 y of age.

  • b Missing for 1 study subject.

  • c Missing for 2 study subjects.