TABLE 3

Mechanism of Injury, Cheerleading Activity, and Position Among Injured Cheerleaders, National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study, United States, 2009/2010 through 2013/2014

Competition, N (%)Rate per 10 000 AEsPractice, N (%)Rate per 10 000 AEsPerformance, N (%)Rate per 10 000 AEsOverall, N (%)Rate per 10 000 AEs
Mechanism of injurya
 Athlete-athlete contact20 (30.8)2.62266 (43.0)3.2428 (27.5)1.32314 (40.0)2.83
 Athlete-surface contact26 (40.0)3.41217 (35.1)2.6444 (43.1)2.08287 (36.6)2.59
 No contact10 (15.4)1.3175 (12.1)0.9120 (19.6)0.94105 (13.4)0.95
 Overuse/chronic5 (7.7)0.6639 (6.3)0.473 (2.9)0.1447 (6.0)0.42
 Athlete-apparatus contact1 (1.5)0.134 (0.7)0.051 (1.0)0.056 (0.8)0.05
 Other3 (4.6)0.3917 (2.8)0.216 (5.9)0.2826 (3.3)0.23
Activity at time of injuryb
 Stunt20 (31.8)2.62350 (57.1)4.2642 (42.4)1.98412 (53.2)3.71
 Tumble22 (34.9)2.88111 (18.1)1.3526 (26.3)1.23159 (20.5)1.43
 Pyramid6 (9.5)0.7972 (11.8)0.886 (6.1)0.2884 (10.8)0.76
 Jump7 (11.1)0.9239 (6.4)0.4713 (13.1)0.6159 (7.6)0.53
 Warm-up1 (1.6)0.136 (1.0)0.073 (3.0)0.1410 (1.3)0.09
 Other7 (11.1)0.9235 (5.7)0.439 (9.1)0.4251 (6.6)0.46
Position at time of injuryc
 Base28 (45.9)3.67284 (47.9)3.4629 (30.2)1.37341 (45.5)3.07
 Flyer20 (32.8)2.62218 (36.8)2.6532 (33.3)1.51270 (36.0)2.43
 Back spotter3 (4.9)0.3950 (8.4)0.6111 (11.5)0.5264 (8.5)0.58
 Front spotter0 (0.0)0.007 (1.2)0.093 (3.1)0.1410 (1.3)0.09
 Other10 (16.4)1.3134 (5.7)0.4121 (21.9)0.9965 (8.7)0.59
  • a Excludes 7 practice and 1 performance injuries due to missing injury mechanism data.

  • b Excludes 2 competition, 12 practice, and 4 performance injuries due to missing cheerleading activity data.

  • c Excludes 4 competition, 32 practice, and 7 performance injuries due to missing cheerleading position data.