TABLE 2

ED Visit and Unplanned Hospitalization RRs: Regression Analysis

VariableTotal ED VisitsTotal Unplanned Hospitalizations
RR (95% CI)RR (95% CI)
CrudeAdjustedCrudeAdjusted
Access (95%–100% vs <75%)a0.71 (0.69–0.73)0.91 (0.89–0.93)0.93 (0.90–0.96)0.99 (0.97–1.02)
Gender (girls versus boys)0.81 (0.80–0.82)0.81 (0.80–0.82)0.80 (0.78–0.81)0.81 (0.80–0.81)
Age, years (5–15 vs 0–4)0.57 (0.56–0.57)0.57 (0.57–0.58)0.27 (0.26–0.27)0.27 (0.27–0.27)
Deprivationb
 1 (least deprived)1111
 21.13 (1.11–1.15)1.11 (1.09–1.13)1.13 (1.10–1.16)1.13 (1.11–1.14)
 31.27 (1.25–1.30)1.21 (1.19–1.23)1.21 (1.18–1.25)1.25 (1.23–1.27)
 41.43 (1.41–1.46)1.33 (1.31–1.35)1.30 (1.26–1.33)1.37 (1.35–1.39)
 5 (most deprived)1.55 (1.52–1.58)1.41 (1.39–1.43)1.38 (1.34–1.42)1.52 (1.50–1.55)
Locality (urban versus rural)1.35 (1.33–1.37)1.12 (1.10–1.14)1.08 (1.05–1.10)
% Population aged ≥65 y0.98 (0.98–0.98)1.00 (1.00–1.01)1.02 (1.02–1.02)
  • The data are of ED visits and all unplanned hospitalizations of children aged <15 years in England between April 2011 and March 2012.

  • a Patient-reported access is the percentage of family practice patients, responding to the GPPS,25 who were “able to get an appointment to see or speak to a GP or nurse on their last attempt” categorized into 6 groups; <75% represents the practices with the lowest reported access and 95% to 100% the highest reported access.

  • b Deprivation data are the practice Index of Multiple Deprivation scores (2010)28 categorized into 5 groups according to quintiles; 1 represents practices with the least deprived post codes and 5 represents the most deprived post codes.