TABLE 5

Intention-to-Treat Analysis of Food Habits at Follow-up of Children and Mothers in the PRIMROSE Trial

InterventionControlMean Δ (95% CI)P
Mean (SE)Mean (SE)
Childrenn = 412n = 595
 Fruits (t/d)a1.1 (0.03)1.1 (0.03)0.01 (–0.09 to 0.11).78
 Vegetables (t/d)a1.0 (0.03)0.9 (0.03)0.13 (0.04 to 0.22).01
 Fish (t/wk)a1.6 (0.06)1.5 (0.06)0.10 (–0.06 to 0.27).21
 French fries (t/mo)a1.5 (0.07)1.8 (0.07)−0.37 (–0.58 to –0.17)<.001
 Sugared drinks (t/wk)b2.2 (0.18)2. 7 (0.15)−0.49 (–0.97 to –0.15).04
 Discretionary calories (t/wk)b5.3 (0.17)5.9 (0.12)−0.60 (–1.01 to –0.18).01
Mothersn = 387n = 562
 Fruits (t/d)c1.2 (0.03)1.1 (0.04)0.07 (–0.04 to 0.18).22
 Vegetables (t/d)c1.3 (0.06)1.3 (0.04)0.10 (–0.02 to 0.21).10
 Fish (t/wk)c2.0 (0.07)1.8 (0.07)0.18 (–0.01 to 0.38).07
 French fries (t/mo)c1.4 (0.08)1.7 (0.10)−0.33 (–0.58 to –0.10).01
 Sugared drinks (t/wk)d1.5 (0.14)1.8 (0.11)−0.26 (–0.60 to 0.08).13
 Discretionary calories (t/wk)d7.0 (0.22)8.0 (0.29)−1.00 (–1.72 to –0.28).01
  • This analysis is based on intention to treat as far as missing data permitted (no imputation). Sugared drinks included soda with sugar, lemonade, and chocolate drinks. Discretionary calories included savory snacks, sugared drinks, sweets, chocolate, pastries, cake, and ice cream. t/d, times per day; t/wk, times per week; t/mo, times per month.

  • a Missing = 5.

  • b Missing = 14.

  • c Missing = 4.

  • d Missing = 8.