TABLE 4

Longitudinal Studies: Impact of ABM Ownership on Drinking

StudyCountry (Data Collection Period)SamplePredictorDrinking InitiationOther Drinking Behavior
Collins et al (2007)22USA (2001–2002)1786 Elementary school students surveyed in sixth grade and seventh grade; 51% femaleOwned ABM at baselineUnadjusted OR = 3.5; aOR = 1.8 (year 7 drinking controlling for year 6 drinking)OR = 1.8 for drinking in last year; OR = 1.6 for intending to drink in next 6 months
Fisher et al (2007)23USA (1998–1999)5511 Adolescents aged 11 to 18 y at baseline; 59.6% femaleOwned/willing to use ABM at baselineaOR = 1.7 for girls and 1.8 for boysaOR = 1.8 for binge drinking for girls (not significant for boys)
Henriksen et al (2008)20USA (2003–2004)1080 Sixth- to eighth-graders (never-drinkers at baseline); 57.3% femaleOwned/wanted to own ABM at baselineUnadjusted OR = 2.8; aOR = 1.8 (never-drinkers at baseline who initiated drinking)Drinking last 30 d: unadjusted OR = 3.2; aOR = 1.7
McClure et al (2009)63USA (2004–2005)6522 Adolescents aged 10–14 y at baseline (5503 wave 2, 5019 wave 3, 4575 wave 4)Owned ABM at wave 2HR = 1.4 at wave 3; HR = 1.6 at wave 4HR = 1.8 for binge drinking at wave 3; HR = 1.4 for binge drinking at wave 4; also, indirect impact via increases in susceptibility to drinking
  • HR, hazard ratio