TABLE 3

Adjusted Mean per Capita Food Allergy Expenditures by Race and Income

Direct CostsOut-of-Pocket Costs
Household Income <$50 000Household Income $50 000–$99 000Household Income >$100 000Household Income <$50 000Household Income $50 000–$99 000Household Income >$100 000
Race or EthnicityWeighted Mean $ (SE)PWeighted Mean $ (SE)P
White1268 (239)963 (115)890 (120).293528 (984)3611 (712)5142 (1221).36
African American501 (186)650 (188)196 (96).06692 (957)196 (70)111 (72).58
Hispanic780 (441)580 (171)359 (445).861946 (1687)323 (208)514 (215).57
Asian149 (120)505 (340)1752 (1380).3450 (47)287 (123)3331 (5710).18
Other4234 (2249)2941 (1165)1829 (666).474294 (4917)7291 (2764)7886 (4338).83
  • Adjusted means reflected predicted values from 2-part models controlling for gender, race, age, family income, region, having multiple food allergies, and a report of a severe reaction in the past year. Generalized linear models (2nd part) use γ or Poisson distributions and log links depending on the results of modified Park tests. P values reflect the probability from F-test of equality of means across income groups for each racial and ethnic group.