TABLE 3

Race- and Ethnicity-Related Characteristics of Psychiatric ED Visits Among Youth in the United States

Non-Hispanic WhiteNon-Hispanic African AmericanHispanicNon-Hispanic Other
Count of total visits (weighted)75 572 71935 939 32627 564 0703 874 405
Count of psychiatric ED visits (weighted)8 162 1012 607 3692 074 122297 994
Estimated youth in the United States, 2011–2015217 594 58956 413 41292 679 17736 265 765
Psychiatric ED visits, % of all visits (count)*
 20119.3 (1 629 561)6.3 (519 859)5.7 (309 237)6.2 (57 349)
 20129.3 (1 499 311)4.9 (342 599)6.5 (411 193)7.1 (61 684)
 20139.8 (1 576 000)5.9 (387 165)6.1 (339 747)7.9 (60 165)
 201410.1 (1 682 520)6.0 (562 364)7.2 (423 844)5.5 (39 253)
 201510.3 (1 774 709)10.8 (795 382)9.1 (590 101)8.9 (79 543)
Psychiatric ED visits per 1000 US youth
 201137.546.116.77.9
 201234.530.422.28.5
 201336.134.318.38.3
 201438.549.722.85.4
 201540.870.631.911.0
Region,* % of all psychiatric ED visits
 Northeast19.819.421.124.1
 Midwest28.126.811.819.3
 South32.744.024.724.8
 West19.49.843.131.8
Youth, %
 6–115.67.26.613.6
 12–1727.928.937.127.6
 18–2466.563.956.358.8
Sex, %
 Female51.847.347.645.3
 Male48.252.752.454.6
Insurance,* %
 Private41.718.622.640.4
 Public37.554.356.035.6
 Self-pay15.119.714.69.4
 Other5.77.46.814.5
Visit on a weekend,* %
 No73.474.576.869.1
 Yes26.625.523.230.9
Arrival time,* %
 Morning (<11 am)29.426.625.227.4
 Afternoon (11 am–4 pm)28.731.532.726.9
 Evening (5 pm–12 am)41.941.942.145.7
Urgent*
 No28.337.527.832.4
 Yes71.762.472.267.6
Length of visit, %
 <90 min20.920.517.325.7
 90–179 min30.625.925.016.5
 180–359 min28.328.435.627.9
 ≥6 h20.225.222.129.9
Arrive by ambulance,* %
 No24.028.227.436.0
 Yes76.071.872.564.0
Mental health provider seen, %
 No82.784.684.592.1
 Yes17.315.415.58.0
Admit to hospital, %
 No80.581.884.080.3
 Yes or transfer to another hospital9.87.66.513.0
 Transfer or admit to a psychiatric facility9.710.69.56.8
Psychiatric diagnoses or RFV,*,a %
 Mood54.047.451.663.4
 Behavior*11.918.616.96.7
 SUD*43.737.135.624.1
 Psychosis6.29.35.72.7
 Suicide attempt or self-injury12.911.412.820.2
 Other29.733.027.536.4
 Count of psychiatric diagnoses or RFVs, mean*1.451.451.371.33
Primary diagnosis is psychiatric,* %
 No32.835.237.937.7
 Yes67.264.862.162.3
  • a Reflects the presence of any of the listed diagnoses or RFVs.

  • * P < .05.