TABLE 4

Sex-Related Characteristics of Psychiatric ED Visits Among Youth in the United States

Female SexMale Sex
Count of total visits (weighted)87 687 56068 404 546
Count of psychiatric ED visits (weighted)6 582 3456 559 241
Estimated youth in the United States, 2011–2015196 847 905206 105 038
Psychiatric ED visits*, % of all visits (count)
 20116.9 (1 259 925)8.9 (1 256 081)
 20126.9 (1 184 067)8.6 (1 130 720)
 20136.7 (1 122 287)10.0 (1 240 790)
 20147.4 (1 320 195)9.4 (1 387 786)
 20159.5 (1 695 871)11.0 (1 543 864)
Psychiatric ED visits per 1000 US youth
 201132.030.5
 201230.127.4
 201328.430.0
 201433.433.6
 201543.137.5
Region,* % of all psychiatric ED visits
 Northeast18.821.3
 Midwest24.825.1
 South37.829.2
 West18.824.5
Youth,* y, %
 6–113.69.0
 12–1733.425.6
 18–2463.065.4
Race, %
 Non-Hispanic white64.260.0
 Non-Hispanic African American18.720.9
 Hispanic15.016.6
 Non-Hispanic other2.12.5
Insurance, %
 Private34.134.5
 Public46.440.6
 Self-pay14.517.0
 Other5.07.9
Visit on a weekend, %
 No73.474.6
 Yes26.525.4
Arrival time, %
 Morning (<11 am)28.228.1
 Afternoon (11 am–4 pm)31.628.1
 Evening (5 pm–12 am)40.243.8
Urgent, %
 No31.728.4
 Yes68.271.6
Length of visit, %
 <90 min20.819.9
 90–179 min28.428.5
 180–359 min29.529.4
 ≥6 h21.222.2
Arrive by ambulance, %
 No25.425.9
 Yes74.674.1
Mental health provider seen, %
 No82.584.5
 Yes17.415.4
Admit to hospital, %
 No81.980.7
 Yes or transfer to another hospital7.410.4
 Transfer or admit to a psychiatric facility10.78.9
Psychiatric diagnosis or RFV,*,a %
 Mood*59.145.9
 Behavior12.115.3
 SUD*37.144.2
 Psychosis*5.18.2
 Suicide attempt or self-injury14.610.9
 Other30.130.3
 Count of psychiatric diagnoses or RFVs, mean1.441.44
Primary diagnosis is psychiatric, %
 No35.133.4
 Yes64.966.6
  • a Reflects the presence of any of the listed diagnoses or RFVs

  • * P < .05