TABLE 2

Effects of Exposure to Expressions of Gratitude From the Mother of a Preterm Infant on Medical Team Performance

Evaluated MeasureNo Gratitude From MotheraGratitude From Motherb
N = 22N = 21P (Versus Control)
Diagnostic score3.6 ± 1.0 (4.0)3.8 ± 1.0 (4.0).21
Therapy plan3.6 ± 1.0 (4.0)3.9 ± 0.9 (4.0).08
Procedural score3.6 ± 1.0 (4.0)3.9 ± 0.9 (4.0).008
General therapeutic score3.6 ± 1.0 (4.0)3.9 ± 0.9 (4.0).04
Confidence in diagnosis3.7 ± 1.1 (4.0)3.8 ± 1.1 (4.0).38
Information sharing4.0 ± 0.8 (4.0)4.3 ± 0.8 (4.2).03
Workload sharing4.0 ± 0.9 (4.0)4.3 ± 0.8 (4.5).02
  • Assessments of performance and analysis were all done at the team level, thus N is the number of teams and not of participants. Data are presented as mean ± SD (median). All comparisons were done by using the Mann–Whitney rank sum test because the distributions were not normal.

  • a This control group includes the neutral group and the expert’s gratitude group.

  • b The gratitude condition includes the mother and the mother and expert.