TABLE 6

Multivariate Analysis of Correlates of Psychiatric ED Visits Across Youth Sex

Female SexMale Sex
OR95% CI
YearReference0.970.91 to 1.05
Age group, y
 6–11ReferenceReferenceReference
 12–17Reference0.29*0.18 to 0.49
 18–24Reference0.38*0.54 to 0.60
Region
 NortheastReferenceReferenceReference
 MidwestReference0.950.74 to 1.21
 SouthReference0.67*0.51 to 0.87
 WestReference1.200.92 to 1.80
Race and/or ethnicity
 White, non-HispanicReferenceReferenceReference
 African American, non-HispanicReference1.260.99 to 1.61
 HispanicReference1.140.83 to 1.58
 OtherReference1.090.58 to 2.05
Insurance
 PrivateReferenceReferenceReference
 PublicReference0.810.62 to 1.06
 Self-payReference1.170.78 to 1.78
 OtherReference1.530.99 to 2.40
Visit on a weekend
 NoReferenceReferenceReference
 YesReference0.940.77 to 1.67
Arrival time
 Morning (<11 am)ReferenceReferenceReference
 Afternoon (11 am–4 pm)Reference0.890.67 to 1.19
 Evening (5 pm–12 am)Reference1.090.84 to 1.42
Urgent
 NoReferenceReferenceReference
 YesReference1.250.97 to 1.61
 Length of visitReference1.000.99 to 1.00
Arrive by ambulance
 NoReferenceReferenceReference
 YesReference0.990.79 to 1.22
Mental health provider seen
 NoReferenceReferenceReference
 YesReference0.890.70 to 1.13
Admit to hospital
 NoReferenceReferenceReference
 Yes or transfer to another hospitalReference1.541.08 to 2.20
 Transfer or admit to a psychiatric facilityReference0.900.65 to 1.25
Psychiatric diagnosis or RFV
 MoodReference0.600.48 to 75
 BehaviorReference1.280.91 to 1.78
 SUDsReference1.41*1.13 to 1.75
 PsychosisReference1.70*1.11 to 2.61
 Suicide attempt or intentional self-injuryReference0.750.52 to 1.06
 OtherReference1.020.79 to 1.33
Count of diagnoses and/or RFVsReference1.030.89 to 1.20
Primary diagnosis is psychiatric
 NoReferenceReferenceReference
 YesReference1.140.91 to 1.43