TABLE 4

Effects of Parental Lifetime NMPO Use by Parent and Adolescent Sex on Adolescent Lifetime NMPO Use (2004–2012 NSDUH)

Parent-Adolescent DyadsAdolescent NMPO Use, aOR (95% CI)an
All parents
 Mothers1.62 (1.28–2.05)**,b21 200
 Fathers0.98 (0.74–1.24)c13 800
Dyads by sex
 Mother-daughter pairs1.70 (1.25–2.30)***,b10 500
 Mother-son pairs1.53 (1.08–2.15)*,b10 700
 Father-daughter pairs1.25 (0.86–1.80)b6600
 Father-son pairs0.71 (0.50–1.00)*,c7200
  • Models were controlled for parent and adolescent factors included in Table 3.

  • a In separate models, the interaction effects of parental NMPO use by parent sex and of parental NMPO use by parent and adolescent sex are each statistically significant (P < .01 and P < .001, respectively).

  • b Different superscripts indicate a statically significant difference at P < .05.

  • c Different superscripts indicate a statically significant difference at P < .05.

  • * P < .05; ** P < .01; *** P < .001.