TABLE 1

Characteristics of Parents and Adolescents in Parent-Adolescent Dyads (2004–2012 NSDUH)

CharacteristicParents (N = 35 000)Adolescents (N = 35 000)
Age, y43.4 (7.0)14.5 (1.7)
Female sex, %56.747.5
Parent-child dyads, %
 Mother and son29.6
 Mother and daughter27.1
 Father and son22.9
 Father and daughter20.4
Race and/or ethnicity, %
 African American12.2
 White60.4
 Hispanic19.7
 Other7.7
Education, %
 High school or less44.4
 Some college26.4
 College graduate29.2
Marital status, %
 Married79.2
 Separated or divorced12.9
 Widowed1.2
 Never married6.7
Perceived parenting by adolescent (past 12 mo), mean (SD)
 Lack of monitoring2.1 (0.7)
 Conflict1.6 (0.8)
 Lack of support2.9 (1.4)
Lifetime, %
 NMPOsa13.58.8
 Smoking68.920.6
 Alcohol88.735.6
 Marijuana51.015.2
 OIDsb24.63.8
Initiated other drug before NMPOs, %
 Cigarettes18.8
 Alcohol32.9
 Marijuana13.1
 OIDsc2.1
Perceived risk of drug use (range 0–6), mean (SD)4.8 (1.3)4.1 (1.7)
Perceived drug use of schoolmates,b %
 None or a few use52.7
 Most or all use47.3
Religiosity (range 1–4), mean (SD)2.5 (0.8)
Delinquency (past 12 mo; range 0–6), mean (SD)0.5 (0.9)
Lifetime depression, %12.812.2
  • Weighted estimates. —, not applicable.

  • a Includes 21 prescription opioids: Darvocet, Darvon, and Tylenol with Codeine (as a group); Percocet, Percodan, and Tylox (as a group); Vicodin, Lortab, and Lorcet (as a group); Codeine; Demerol; Dilaudid and Fioricet; Fiorinal; Hydrocodone; Methadone; Morphine; Oxycontin; Phenaphen with Codeine; Propoxyphene; Sk-65; Stadol; Talacen; Talwin; Talwin Nx; Tramadol; and Ultram.

  • b Cocaine, crack, heroin, or hallucinogens.

  • c Smoking, alcohol, or marijuana.