TABLE 2

Perception of Self and of Different Tobacco Products Among Past-30-Day Tobacco Product Users, NYTS 2016

Product Used in Past 30 dPerception of SelfPerception of Products as Harmfula
Did Not Identify as a Tobacco Product UserCigarettesbSmokeless TobaccobHookahbE-cigarettesbAll Tobacco Productsc
% (95% CI)% (95% CI)% (95% CI)% (95% CI)% (95% CI)% (95% CI)
E-cigarettes only (N = 558)OverallOverall59.7 (54.8–64.6)89.8 (86.9–92.7)85.5 (81.8–89.2)70.5 (65.9–75.1)22.0 (17.9–26.0)d80.0 (76.0–83.9)
SexMale64.0 (57.8–70.2)90.6 (87.0–94.3)84.7 (79.7–89.6)72.9 (67.1–78.8)19.9 (14.8–25.0)d77.8 (72.5–83.1)
Female53.8 (46.0–61.6)88.6 (83.8–93.3)86.3 (80.7–91.9)66.8 (59.4–74.2)24.4 (17.8–31.0)d82.5 (76.6–88.3)
School levelMiddle 75.2 (66.4–84.0)84.9 (77.3–92.6)76.3 (66.1–86.6)68.8 (59.2–78.5)e75.2 (66.3–84.1)
High 54.5 (48.9–60.2)91.3 (88.4–94.3)88.3 (84.9–91.7)70.9 (65.7–76.2)23.6 (18.8–28.4)d81.4 (77.1–85.7)
Cigars onlya (N = 233)OverallOverall56.6 (48.7–64.6)82.7 (75.6–89.8)82.2 (74.9–89.5)61.8 (53.7–69.9)45.2 (37.1–53.3)81.9 (75.1–88.6)
SexMale48.1 (37.3–58.9)78.0 (67.5–88.4)79.2 (68.5–89.8)62.6 (51.8–73.3)37.2 (27.1–47.2)79.3 (69.7–89.0)
Female69.7 (58.5–80.9)89.8 (82.7–96.9)86.7 (78.5–95.0)60.6 (48.4–72.7)57.1 (45.0–69.2)85.8 (77.4–94.1)
School levelMiddle 80.6 (62.7–98.5)71.7 (47.7–95.7)62.8 (38.9–86.7)54.8 (31.6–78.1)e70.6 (46.6–94.5)
High 51.4 (43.0–59.9)85.1 (78.5–91.7)86.3 (79.5–93.1)63.3 (54.7–71.8)47.7 (39.1–56.3)84.3 (78.3–90.4)
Hookah only (N = 159)OverallOverall44.0 (34.5–53.6)84.3 (76.2–92.3)90.0 (84.7–95.4)34.8 (25.9–43.7)d50.0 (40.4–59.6)79.5 (71.8–87.1)
SexMale48.5 (30.5–66.5)78.7 (63.0–94.4)83.5 (69.5–97.4)35.6 (20.1–51.2)d44.7 (26.2–63.2)80.8 (68.2–93.4)
Female42.2 (31.0–53.4)86.5 (77.2–95.9)92.7 (87.9–97.4)34.5 (23.7–45.3)d52.1 (40.8–63.5)78.9 (69.5–88.3)
School levelMiddle 54.2 (30.7–77.7)74.7 (50.6–98.8)86.8 (74.9–98.6)25.6 (4.9–46.2)d52.6 (28.0–77.1)70.7 (49.3–92.1)
High 41.1 (31.0–51.2)86.9 (79.4–94.4)90.9 (84.9–97.0)37.3 (27.6–47.0)d49.3 (39.1–59.5)81.9 (74.1–89.6)
Smokeless tobacco only (N = 119)OverallOverall38.5 (27.9–49.1)83.7 (75.4–92.0)50.3 (39.5–61.2)d70.9 (61.1–80.7)51.2 (40.3–62.0)77.7 (68.9–86.6)
SexMale35.7 (24.4–47.0)84.0 (75.5–92.6)47.6 (35.9–59.4)d73.9 (63.8–84.0)50.9 (39.1–62.6)77.7 (68.5–86.9)
Female47.9 (19.2–76.6)81.5 (56.8–100.0)64.5 (37.1–91.9)d57.3 (29.4–85.2)53.5 (25.2–81.7)78.6 (52.6–100.0)
School levelMiddle 58.9 (35.4–82.4)82.1 (64.0–100.0)60.2 (38.3–82.0)d82.2 (63.5–100.0)56.8 (34.7–78.9)81.1 (62.3–100.0)
High 29.9 (18.6–41.1)84.2 (75.2–93.3)46.8 (34.6–58.9)d66.3 (54.8–77.9)49.3 (37.1–61.6)76.2 (66.3–86.1)
Cigarettes onlyf (N = 125)OverallOverall26.5 (17.6–35.4)77.8 (69.2–86.4)d83.9 (76.5–91.2)73.4 (64.2–82.5)37.0 (26.7–47.2)86.8 (81.3–92.3)
SexMale28.1 (14.9–41.2)68.6 (54.1–83.1)d74.7 (61.0–88.4)70.5 (55.8–85.2)29.3 (16.7–41.9)86.1 (77.1–95.0)
Female25.4 (13.4–37.5)84.1 (74.8–93.5)d90.2 (83.2–97.2)75.3 (64.3–86.3)42.3 (28.9–55.6)87.3 (78.7–95.9)
School levelMiddle 42.3 (17.6–66.9)69.2 (43.3–95.2)d76.3 (61.0–91.7)79.9 (58.3–100.0)e75.9 (59.2–92.6)
High 24.2 (14.8–33.6)79.1 (69.7–88.4)d85.0 (76.9–93.1)72.4 (63.0–81.9)37.9 (27.3–48.6)88.4 (82.0–94.8)
RYO and/or pipe tobacco onlya (N = 68)OverallOverall82.2 (70.9–93.6)56.8 (41.9–71.8)54.2 (38.7–69.8)47.7 (32.2–63.1)37.6 (21.7–53.6)58.9 (43.4–74.4)
SexMale83.5 (69.4–97.6)51.4 (33.8–69.1)54.3 (36.6–71.9)52.4 (35.1–69.8)36.3 (18.7–53.9)63.1 (46.3–79.8)
Female77.0 (55.8–98.1)77.4 (55.3–99.6)59.5 (26.3–92.7)e45.1 (10.3–79.9)43.0 (12.4–73.6)
School levelMiddle 77.4 (52.2–100.0)62.3 (37.1–87.6)57.6 (30.7–84.5)59.8 (34.7–84.9)e65.0 (40.2–89.8)
High 84.3 (73.8–94.7)56.1 (37.8–74.4)54.7 (35.6–73.7)42.5 (24.0–61.1)40.1 (20.6–59.6)53.7 (34.4–72.9)
Poly-tobacco use (≥2 tobacco products; N = 1088)OverallOverall12.7 (10.4–15.0)73.3 (69.9–76.6)68.4 (64.8–71.9)55.7 (51.9–59.5)28.9 (25.5–32.3)73.6 (70.3–76.8)
SexMale13.0 (9.9–16.0)71.5 (67.1–76.0)64.5 (59.8–69.2)55.8 (50.8–60.8)27.3 (22.9–31.7)70.9 (66.5–75.4)
Female12.2 (8.7–15.6)75.4 (70.2–80.5)74.1 (68.6–79.5)55.3 (49.5–61.2)31.6 (26.2–37.0)76.9 (72.3–81.5)
School levelMiddle 16.4 (10.5–22.2)56.7 (48.0–65.4)64.9 (56.7–73.0)44.0 (35.3–52.7)*21.7 (15.1–28.2)56.6 (47.7–65.6)
High 11.9 (9.4–14.3)76.9 (73.3–80.4)69.3 (65.3–73.3)58.3 (54.1–62.5)*30.5 (26.6–34.3)77.2 (73.9–80.5)
  • Responses with P values vary significantly by the assessed sociodemographic characteristics (ie, between boys and girls or between middle school and high school students). Current (past-30-d) use was assessed for the following product types in the NYTS: cigarettes, bidis, cigars, pipes, RYO tobacco, hookah, e-cigarettes, and smokeless tobacco products (chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, snus, and dissolvable tobacco). Exclusive use of a specific product type was defined as using that product in the past 30 d but none of the remaining product types. CI, confidence interval.

  • a No question was asked about perceived harm of cigars and pipe or RYO tobacco in the 2016 NYTS.

  • b The 4 response options used to measure respondents’ harm perception (no harm, little harm, some harm, and a lot of harm) were collapsed into either low harm (no harm or little harm) or high harm (some harm or a lot of harm).

  • c The 4 response options used to measure the extent to which respondents agreed that “all tobacco products are dangerous” (strongly agree, agree, disagree, and strongly disagree) were collapsed into either perceived low harm (disagree or strongly disagree) or high harm (strongly agree or agree).

  • d The tobacco product for which the perception of harm is being assessed corresponds to the specific tobacco product used exclusively by the respondent.

  • e Estimates were suppressed because relative SEs were ≥30%.

  • f Includes 1 individual who used bidis exclusively.

  • * P < .05.