TABLE 1

Parent Encouragement to Diet by Participant Sociodemographics and Weight-Related Behaviors and Emotional Health During Adolescence

Total Sample, N = 556Did Not Experience Diet Talk in Adolescence, N = 344Experienced Diet Talk in Adolescence, N = 206P
Baseline (Wave 1) sociodemographic characteristics
 Sex, % (N)
  Male35.4 (197)71.3 (139)28.7 (56).002a
  Female64.6 (359)57.8 (205)42.3 (150)
 Age (y at baseline), mean (SE)15.3 (1.4)15.4 (0.08)15.1 (0.10).003a
 Family SES, % (N)
  Low34.4 (189)54.8 (103)45.2 (85).012a
  Middle23.1 (127)63.2 (79)36.8 (46)
  High42.6 (234)68.8 (161)31.2 (73)
 Race and/or ethnicityb, % (N)
  White or non-Hispanic65.9 (363)66.6 (241)33.4 (121).005a
  Hispanic or nonwhite34.1 (188)54.4 (100)45.7 (84)
Adolescentc wt-related and emotional health characteristics
 Wt statusd, % (N)
  Normal wt68.9 (370)71.4 (264)28.7 (106)<.001a
  Overweight18.4 (99)49.5 (49)50.5 (50)
  Obese12.7 (68)33.8 (23)66.2 (45)
 Dieted ≥1 time in previous y, % (N)
  Yes44.0 (242)46.7 (113)53.3 (129)<.001a
  No56.0 (308)75.0 (231)25.0 (77)
 Binge eating with loss of control, % (N)
  Present7.9 (42)45.2 (19)54.8 (23).014a
  Absent92.2 (493)64.3 (317)35.7 (176)
 Unhealthy wt control behaviors, mean (SE)1.2 (1.6)0.85 (0.08)1.75 (0.11)<.001e
 Body satisfaction33.5 (9.5)35.4 (0.50)30.2 (0.65)<.001e
 Depression symptoms10.7 (2.8)10.3 (0.15)11.2 (0.20)<.001e
 Self-esteem17.9 (3.6)18.5 (0.19)17.0 (0.25)<.001e
  • a Significant differences (P < .05) were assessed by using χ2 tests.

  • b White or non-Hispanic parents (n = 363) and Hispanic or nonwhite parents (total n = 188; n = 48 Non-Hispanic African American parents, n = 34 Hispanic parents, n = 77 Non-Hispanic Asian American parents, n = 1 Non-Hispanic Pacific Islander parent, n = 5 Non-Hispanic American Indian parents, and n = 23 Non-Hispanic multiracial parents).

  • c Adolescent = the value of wt-related and emotional health characteristics at the time diet talk was experienced; if the participant did not experience diet talk, the value is from baseline (Wave 1).

  • d Wt status was categorized on the basis of age- and sex-specific Centers for Disease Control and Prevention BMI growth curves, including normal wt (BMI <85th percentile), overweight (BMI ≥85th–95th percentile), and obesity (BMI ≥95th percentile).

  • e Significant differences (P < .05) were assessed by using analysis of variance.