Examples of Threats to Children’s Health Requiring Pediatrics and Public Health Collaboration to Prevent or Alleviate

Environmental health concerns, including climate disruption, air quality, water safety, environmental toxins, and natural disasters
Food safety
Vaccine refusal
Communicable diseases
Obesity epidemic
Adverse childhood experiences resulting in toxic stress, including poverty, social isolation, and violence
Health care access, especially for underserved groups (eg, children of undocumented immigrants)
Injury prevention (including gun violence), education, regulation, and anticipatory guidance
Substance abuse (including smoking, alcohol, and illicit drugs)