Medications Recorded as “Taken for Sleep” by Participants at Any Visit by Presence of Sleep Diagnosis

Medication ClassWith Documented Sleep Diagnosis, % (n) (n = 456)Without Documented Sleep Diagnosis, % (n) (n = 1060)P
Any medicationa46 (211)15 (160)<.001
α-Agonists14 (63)2 (25)<.001
Melatonin36 (166)13 (136)<.001
  • Data were missing for 1 child in each group; therefore, “n” = 456 rather than 457 and 1060 rather than 1061.

  • a Apart from α-agonists and melatonin, the following medications were recorded as “taken for sleep”: amitriptyline, aripiprazole, carbamazepine, chloral hydrate, cetirizine, coenzyme Q10, diphenhydramine, fluticasone, fluvoxamine, hydroxyzine, iron supplements, lamotrigine, lorazepam, levetiracetam, mirtazapine, nortriptyline, omega-3, paroxetine, propranolol, quetiapine, thiamine, topiramate, trazadone, vitamin B-12, and zonisamide. Some children were taking >1 medication.