TABLE 1

Characteristics of Children With ASD by Race and Ethnicity Category

White Non-Hispanic (n = 3717), % (95% CI)Any Race, Hispanic English Speaking (n = 408), % (95% CI)Any Race, Hispanic Spanish Speaking (n = 130), % (95% CI)Black Non-Hispanic (n = 418), % (95% CI)Other Race Non-Hispanic (n = 442), % (95% CI)P
Age, mean y10.0 (9.8–10.2)8.8 (8.2–9.6)7.8 (6.7–9.0)9.8 (9.2–10.4)9.9 (9.4–10.5)<.001
Male80.0 (77.7–82.1)81.1 (73.6–86.9)78.8 (66.6–87.3)76.4 (70.0–81.8)81.8 (74.6–87.4).76
% Federal poverty level<.001
 <200% FPL34.1 (31.4–36.8)48.1 (39.8–56.5)76.7 (60.8–87.5)67.3 (60.6–73.3)36.9 (27.7–47.3)
 200%–400% FPL35.1 (32.4–38.0)31.4 (24.2–39.6)20.1 (10.0–36.5)18.2 (13.8–23.7)31.8 (20.1–46.3)
 >400% FPL30.8 (28.4–33.3)20.5 (14.5–28.2)3.2 (0.8–11.6)14.5 (10.3–19.9)31.3 (21.6–43.1)
Insurance status<.001
 Private54.0 (51.2–56.7)39.9 (32.4–47.8)19.1 (11.2–30.7)21.4 (16.7–26.9)39.6 (30.3–49.6)
 Public24.8 (22.5–27.3)36.4 (29.0–44.4)51.0 (38.5–63.3)55.2 (48.4–61.7)37.5 (26.3–50.1)
 Private and public16.1 (14.1–18.3)17.5 (11.8–25.1)14.9 (7.8–26.7)17.8 (13.2–23.6)16.8 (9.3–28.5)
 Other insurance2.9 (2.2–3.8)3.0 (1.2–7.3)5.5 (0.8–29.4)2.3 (1.1–4.6)1.7 (0.6–4.7)
 Uninsured2.2 (1.7–2.9)3.3 (1.6–6.7)9.5 (4.5–19.1)3.4 (1.7–6.7)4.5 (2.0–9.6)
MSA status<.001
 Urban79.9 (77.7–81.9)91.3 (87.4–94.0)97.5 (94.8–98.8)87.9 (82.8–91.6)85.3 (78.2–90.3)
Household educationa<.001
 Less than high school4.2 (3.0–6.0)12.8 (7.5–21.0)29.4 (19.7–41.3)11.5 (7.8–16.5)4.8 (2.6–8.7)
 High school graduate16.8 (14.7–19.1)22.5 (16.3–30.1)33.8 (22.4–47.5)27.8 (21.7–34.9)13.1 (8.1–20.5)
 More than high school79.0 (76.4–81.4)64.7 (56.2–72.4)36.8 (25.8–49.4)60.7 (53.7–67.4)82.1 (74.3–88.0)
Annual out-of-pocket costs<.001
 <$50049.8 (47.1–52.5)57.9 (49.6–65.8)84.3 (73.9–91.0)75.6 (69.1–81.1)68.9 (60.3–76.4)
 $500–100012.4 (10.7–14.2)5.3 (3.28.7)9.9 (4.6–19.9)7.1 (4.5–11.1)7.1 (4.5–11.1)
 $1000–500026.1 (23.8–28.5)24.2 (17.6–32.3)4.0 (1.8–8.7)15.9 (11.2–22.0)16.6 (11.9–22.8)
 >$500011.8 (10.1–13.6)12.6 (7.8–19.7)1.8 (0.3–11.9)1.4 (0.5–4.0)7.3 (4.7–11.2)
Condition impact on function.04
 Never5.5 (4.5–6.7)6.1 (2.9–12.6)1.9 (0.6–5.6)8.2 (5.1–13.0)5.7 (2.5–12.2)
 Sometimes28.0 (25.5–30.6)26.1 (20.2–32.9)24.4 (15.6–36.0)36.4 (30.2–43.1)23.7 (16.9–32.2)
 Usually19.9 (17.8–22.1)19.5 (13.8–26.9)14.8 (7.8–26.3)9.3 (6.7–12.8)19.5 (13.8–26.8)
 Always46.7 (44.0–49.4)48.3 (40.3–56.3)58.9 (46.3–70.4)46.1 (39.4–53.0)51.1 (40.1–62.1)
  • Data sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, and National Survey of Children With Special Health Care Needs, 2005–2006 and 2009–2010.

  • a Highest level of education of anyone in the child’s household.