TABLE 4

Work Restriction Policies for Employees

InfectionRestrictionLength of Restriction
ConjunctivitisRestrict from direct patient careUntil discharge resolves
GastroenteritisRestrict from direct patient care and food preparationUntil symptoms resolve or person is deemed noncontagious
Hepatitis ARestrict from direct patient careUntil 1 wk after onset of jaundice
Hepatitis BNonea
Hepatitis CNonea
Herpes simplex
 OrofacialNone (cover lesion if feasible)
 WhitlowRestrict from direct care of newborn infantsUntil lesions are crusted
HIVNonea
MeaslesExclude from ambulatory facilityUntil 4 d after onset of rash
MumpsExclude from ambulatory facilityUntil 5 d after onset of parotitis
PertussisExclude from ambulatory facilityUntil treated for 5 d with appropriate antimicrobial therapy
RubellaExclude from ambulatory facilityUntil 5 d after onset of rash
Staphylococcal skin infectionRestrict from direct patient careUntil treated for 24 h with an agent active against of the isolate
Streptococcal group A pharyngitisRestrict from direct patient careUntil treated for 24 h
TB, activeExclude from ambulatory facilityUntil proven noninfectious
VaricellaExclude from ambulatory facilityUntil lesions crusted (usually 6 d after the onset of rash)
ZosterIf lesions covered, may have contact with patients (other than immunocompromised patients and newborn infants); if lesions cannot be covered, restrict from patient careUntil lesions crusted
  • —, not applicable.

  • a HCP with these infections should avoid performing procedures considered to be at risk for transmission of blood from HCP to patient.