Exercise Recommendations in CHD

Cardiac ConcernLow-Intensity SportsExercise Restriction
Aortic dilation, aneurysmXX (depending on severity)
Moderate to severely depressed ventricular functionX
Severe pulmonary HTNX
Severe systemic HTN (untreated)X
Severe aortic stenosisX
Coarctation of the aortaXX (depending on severity)
Untreated cyanotic heart diseaseX
Untreated anomalous coronary artery origin with an interarterial or intramural courseX
Exercise-induced arrhythmiaX
  • Adapted from Van Hare GF, Ackerman MJ, Evangelista JA, et al. Eligibility and disqualification recommendations for competitive athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities: task force 4: congenital heart disease: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015;66(21):2372–2384. Recommendations may vary by individual patient. HTN, hypertension.