TABLE 1

Sociodemographic Characteristics of Study Population, United States, 2009 to 2014

CharacteristicUnweighted n (Weighted %)
Not Justice-Involved Within Last 12 mo (n = 97 976)Arrest Within Last 12 mo (n = 1375)Probation or Parole Within Last 12 mo (n = 2450)Juvenile Detention Within Past 12 mo (n = 1324)
Weighted population estimate (N)23 500 000300 000525 000275 000
Female48 763 (49.5)533 (37.4)872 (35.3)452 (33.8)
Age, y
 12–1331 782 (32.5)133 (9.6)339 (13.1)170 (14.5)
 1416 434 (16.9)157 (11.4)319 (15.1)166 (13.6)
 1516 657 (17.0)309 (22.2)476 (19.2)253 (18.2)
 1616 742 (16.8)367 (27.7)624 (25.0)345 (25.1)
 1716 361 (16.7)409 (29.1)692 (27.6)390 (28.6)
Race or ethnicity
 White, non-Hispanic57 082 (56.7)597 (42.3)1159 (47.0)520 (39.7)
 African American, non-Hispanic12 830 (13.9)294 (22.6)458 (20.0)372 (30.9)
 Hispanic18 243 (21.1)323 (28.3)596 (26.8)255 (22.9)
 Other9821 (8.3)161 6.8)237 (6.3)177 (6.5)
Enrolled in school97 146 (99.3)1320 (95.9)2331 (95.0)1215 (92.9)
Household income, % Federal Poverty Level
 <10056 329 (20.7)564 (34.2)891 (38.3)399 (43.4)
 100–20021 787 (22.1)367 (25.1)695 (26.9)361 (26.4)
 >20019 860 (57.2)444 (40.6)864 (34.9)564 (30.2)
Family participated in ≥1 government assistance programs24 558 (24.5)565 (41.5)1083 (44.7)676 (49.8)
Mother not in household7790 (7.9)193 (12.3)378 (14.6)233 (16.6)
Father not in household26 192 (25.2)573 (39.2)1043 (41.1)648 (45.8)
Health insurance
 Private60 562 (61.0)568 (39.8)959 (37.9)422 (30.8)
 Medicaid28 427 (28.9)646 (47.3)1200 (49.2)749 (56.6)
 Other3342 (3.3)46 (2.6)83 (3.0)57 (4.3)
 Uninsured5645 (6.7)115 (10.3)208 (9.9)96 (8.3)
Fair or poor self-reported health3536 (3.5)104 (7.6)187 (7.7)104 (7.2)
Mood disordera4805 (4.8)158 (11.5)300 (13.3)210 (17.3)
Illicit drug use disorder other than marijuanab1120 (1.1)103 (7.3)214 (8.3)154 (11.8)
Marijuana use disorderc2524 (2.4)281 (22.3)444 (16.5)320 (23.5)
Alcohol use disorderc3111 (3.0)271 (17.8)431 (15.7)308 (21.9)
Nicotine dependenced1123 (1.0)147 (9.4)273 (8.5)206 (14.8)
Communicable diseasee360 (0.3)25 (1.2)31 (1.6)33 (3.4)
Asthmaa9623 (9.8)188 (13.0)309 (12.6)195 (15.7)
  • a Individual reported being told by a doctor that they had the condition in the past year.

  • b Any dependence or abuse of hallucinogens, inhalants, tranquilizers, cocaine, heroin, opioids, stimulants, or sedatives within the last 12 mo based on DSM-IV criteria.

  • c Any dependence or abuse within the last 12 mo based on DSM-IV criteria.

  • d Based on the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale.

  • e Individual reported being told by a doctor in the last year that they had tuberculosis or a sexually transmitted infection, or they were ever told by a doctor that they had HIV.