TABLE 1

Demographics of the Study Population (Total N = 3732)

Characteristicn (%)
Death age
 <5 y680 (18.2)
 5–9 y708 (19.0)
 10–14 y749 (20.1)
 15–21 y1595 (42.7)
Insurance
 HMO553 (14.8)
 Public or self1971 (52.8)
 Private1208 (32.4)
Sex
 Female1562 (41.9)
 Male2170 (58.2)
Race and/or ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white1271 (34.1)
 Hispanic1695 (45.4)
 Asian American350 (9.4)
 African American258 (6.9)
 Other158 (4.2)
Income (in zip code of residence with reference to FPL)
 Unknown61 (1.6)
 <2 times FPL910 (24.4)
 2–4 times FPL2301 (61.7)
 >4 times FPL460 (12.3)
Metropolitan statistical area
 Urban3465 (92.9)
 Rural267 (7.2)
Year of death
 2000–20031362 (36.5)
 2004–20071284 (34.4)
 2008–20111086 (29.1)
Diagnosis
 Hematologic malignancies1542 (41.3)
 Solid tumors2190 (58.7)
No. chronic conditions
 02613 (70.0)
 1958 (25.7)
 ≥2161 (4.3)
Hospital type (at last hospitalization before death)
 Specialty center2912 (78.0)
 Nonspecialty center820 (22.0)
Distance between home and closest hospital
 <1 mile1578 (42.3)
 1–2.9 miles888 (23.8)
 ≥3 miles1266 (33.9)
Distance between home and closest specialty hospital
 <7.5 miles1373 (36.8)
 7.5–19.9 miles1118 (30.0)
 ≥20 miles1241 (33.3)
Distance between home and last hospital
 <10 miles1225 (32.82)
 10–24.9 miles1298 (34.8)
 ≥25 miles1209 (32.4)
  • FPL, federal poverty level; HMO, health maintenance organization.