TABLE 2

Examples of Criteria in State Law for Inclusion of Condition in NBS Panel

CriterionStates
No criteria provided in lawAR, NE
Condition must be severe or seriousCA, CO, DE, GA, MA, MD, ME
Treatable, preventable, or ameliorableCA, CO, GA, ID, KS, MA, ME
Cost–benefit analysis requiredAZ, CO, MD, ME
Conformity with uniform panel or recommendations of a professional bodyFL, GA, IA, KS, KY
Test must be reliableAL, AR, CO, CT, MA
Test must be accurateAL, CA
Test method must be efficientAR, CO, IL
Test must be consistent with accepted medical practicesAK, CA, CO, FL, KS, MA
Pilot testing or use in another jurisdiction required before full implementationCO, IL
No criteria in law for new test or technologyAZ, CT, DE, IA, ID, WA
  • The 24 states sampled are AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, NE, TN, and WA. This study examined statutes and regulations in each of the states. This chart does not reflect NBS program practices that deviate from state law. Additional research is needed to determine the extent to which laws reflect current practice.