TABLE 1

State Laws Governing Consent for NBS

Consent PoliciesNumber of StatesStates
No exemption for religion or personal belief3AZ, NE, WV
Exemption for religion only30AL, CA, CO, CT, DE, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, ME, MO, MS, NJ, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WA, WI, UT
‚ÄÉMust be members of established church that forbids NBS9CO, DE, ID, KY, NY, OR, TN, TX, UT
Exemption for religion or for personal or philosophical belief15AK, AR, FL, IA, LA, MI, MN, MT, NC, ND, NH, NM, NV, SD, VT
Informed consent required before screening2MD, WY
Must inform parent of right to object3MD, MN, WA
Must give parent reasonable opportunity to object4MD, MN, NJ, WI
  • This study examined statutes and regulations in each of the states. This chart does not reflect NBS program practices that deviate from state law. Additional research is needed to determine the extent to which laws reflect current practice.