Conditions Under Which Children Younger Than 3 Years Should Have BP Measured

History of prematurity <32 week’s gestation or small for gestational age, very low birth weight, other neonatal complications requiring intensive care, umbilical artery line
Congenital heart disease (repaired or unrepaired)
Recurrent urinary tract infections, hematuria, or proteinuria
Known renal disease or urologic malformations
Family history of congenital renal disease
Solid-organ transplant
Malignancy or bone marrow transplant
Treatment with drugs known to raise BP
Other systemic illnesses associated with HTN (neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, sickle cell disease,114 etc)
Evidence of elevated intracranial pressure
  • Adapted from Table 3 in the Fourth Report.1