TABLE 1

Demographic Characteristics of Children With Anaphylaxis

CharacteristicPre-implementation (1/2008–10/2011) (n = 438)Implementation (10/2011–12/2014) (n = 731)P
Age, median (IQR), y6.7 (3.2–14.0)7.1 (2.7–14.7).97
Male sex244 (56)389 (53).41
Race.29
 White184 (44)268 (39)
 Black108 (26)197 (28)
 Asian42 (10)65 (9)
 Other/unknown87 (21)166 (24)
Ethnicity.89
 Hispanic73 (19)127 (19)
 Non-Hispanic314 (81)559 (81)
Insurance status.03
 Public124 (28)257 (36)
 Private282 (65)429 (59)
 Both30 (7)36 (5)
Distance from home to hospital.04
 0–4.9 miles278 (64)455 (63)
 5–9.9 miles70 (16)142 (20)
 10–19.9 miles51 (12)54 (7)
 ≥20 miles36 (8)74 (10)
Trigger.01
 Peanuts81 (24)94 (15)
 Crustaceans5 (1)6 (1)
 Fruits/vegetables9 (3)8 (1)
 Tree nuts42 (12)71 (12)
 Fish5 (1)11 (2)
 Food additive01 (0)
 Milk18 (5)23 (4)
 Eggs5 (1)21 (3)
 Other specified food44 (13)70 (11)
 Other unspecified food26 (8)71 (12)
 Multiple foods5 (1)21 (3)
 Other nonfood100 (29)215 (35)
Asthma132 (30)190 (26).13
Emergency severity index13<.01
 1042 (6)
 2154 (35)394 (54)
 3250 (57)256 (35)
 429 (7)34 (5)
 53 (1)2 (0)
Diagnosis code.01
 Allergic reaction98 (22)119 (16)
 Anaphylaxis340 (78)612 (84)
  • Continuous data are presented as median (interquartile range), and categorical data are presented as N (%). The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used for continuous data, and the χ2 test was used for categorical data. Numbers do not add up to 100% due to missing data.