TABLE 1

Summary of Interventions

InterventionsCompletion Date
Standardized nonpharmacologic care on the inpatient unitFebruary 2010
Transfer from WBN to the inpatient unitFebruary 2011
Development of a novel approach to assessmentJanuary 2014
Spread of change concepts to NICUJanuary 2014
Rapid morphine weansJune 2014
Prenatal counseling of parentsJune 2014
Morphine given as neededMay 2015
Empowering messaging to parentsMay 2015