TABLE 2

Summary of Studies Included in the Network Meta-Analysis Reporting Baseline and EOT Child Disruptive Behavior Outcome Measured by ECBI-Intensity Subscale

Citation Risk of Bias (N Randomized)Group: Intervention (N Analyzed)ECBI-I Score at Baseline, Mean (SD)ECBI-I Score at End-of-Treatment, Mean (SD)
Jones et al 201460G1: HNC, technology enhanced (7)G1: 148.9 (22.5)G1: 83.0 (15.3)
 High (22)G2: HNC, standard (8)G2: 131.5 (23.9)G2: 91.6 (21.3)
Kjøbli et al 201262G1: PMTO (108)G1: 124.9 (27.6)G1: 106.1 (27.8)
 High (216)G2: Regular services (108)G2: 124.8 (28.4)G2: 114.4 (28.8)
Axberg et al 201264G1: IY-PT (34)G1: 160.0 (20.3)G1: 128.6 (26.5)
 High (62)G2: WLC (20)G2: 152.9 (23.6)G2: 147.1 (26.0)
McCabe et al 200972G1: PCIT, culturally adapted (21)G1: 178.53 (31.27)G1: 95.44 (45.2)
 Low (58)G2: PCIT, standard (19)G2: 181.67 (22.49)G2: 84.3 (34.4)
G3: TAU (18)G3: 186.44 (28.04)G3: 118.5 (48.34)
Larsson et al 200979G1: IY-PT + IY-CT (52)G1: 156.5 (22)G1: 121.8 (31.9)
 Moderate (138)G2: IY-PT (45)G2: 157.1 (24.2)G2: 116.5 (27.0)
G3: WLC (28)G3: 159.7 (23.1)G3: 137.3 (28.6)
Gardner et al 200685G1: IY-PT (34)G1: 152.7 (39.2)G1: 130.7 (29.9)
 Moderate (77)G2: WLC (26)G2: 156.1 (32.9)G2: 148.5 (34.7)
Nixon et al 200391G1: PCIT, abbreviated (20)G1: 156.3 (16.8)G1: 126.6 (18.39)
 Moderate (54)G2: PCIT, standard (17)G2: 166.6 (18.9)G2: 125.24 (21.67)
G3: WLC (17)G3: 173.8 (22.7)G3: 148.35 (19.05)
Markie-Dadds et al 200695G1: Triple P, enhanced (14)G1: 149.77 (29.01)G1: 100.69 (17.41)
Moderate (41)G2: Triple P, self-directed (15)G2: 160.2 (35.12)G2: 129.87 (35.12)
G3: WLC (12)G3: 145.75 (28.44)G3: 146.92 (15.53)
McGilloway et al 201299G1: IY-PT (103)G1: 156.5 (30.0)G1: 121.3 (40.7)
 Low (149)G2: WLC (46)G2: 159.1 (31.7)G2: 144.9 (33.2)
Markie-Dadds et al 2006100G1: Triple P, self-directed (21)G1: 126.67 (20.93)G1: 100.76 (29.9)
 Moderate (63)G2: WLC (22)G2: 138.5 (26.94)G2: 136.23 (31.62)
Sanders et al 2000103G1: Triple P, enhanced (76)G1: 155.91 (27.37)G1: 111.14 (31.94)
 Moderate (305)G2: Triple P, standard (77)G2: 144.52 (22.51)G2: 108.38 (25.59)
G3: Triple P, self-directed (75)G3: 155.03 (27.13)G3: 120.65 (30.1)
G4: WLC (77)G4: 155.91 (26.65)G4: 136.79 (28.42)
Schuhmann et al 1998104G1: PCIT (37)G1: 170.3 (26.4)G1: 117.6 (40.4)
 Moderate (64)G2: WLC (27)G2: 172.9 (25.8)G2: 169.7 (34.1)
Connell et al 1997105G1: Triple P, self-directed family intervention (12)G1: 155.83 (18.85)G1: 117.33 (22.77)
 High (24)G2: WLC (11)G2: 158.36 (11.92)G2: 159.0 (10.58)
Webster-Stratton et al 1997106G1: IY-PT + IY-CT (22)G1: 161.55 (33.43)G1: 121.4 (24.25)
 Moderate (97)G2: IY-CT (27)G2: 155.52 (29.06)G2: 121.7 (22.96)
G3: IY-PT (26)G3: 166.46 (23.72)G3: 118.73 (27.71)
G4: WLC (22)G4: 163.67 (30.47)G4: 155.57 (27.86)
Eyberg et al 1995108G1: PCIT (19)G1: 159.5 (16.6)G1: 117.5 (18.8)
 High (50)G2: WLC (8)G2: 170.7 (40.3)G2: 177.2 (62.0)
Sanders et al 2012113G1: Triple P, online (60)G1: 154.35 (19.08)G1: 121.05 (22.09)
 High (116)G2: WLC (56)G2: 152.46 (20.06)G2: 142.09 (25.2)
Nixon et al 2001117G1: PCIT (17)G1: 166.58 (18.93)G1: 117.47 (31.69)
 RCT (high)G2: WLC (17)G2: 173.82 (22.72)G2: NA
Brestan et al 1997118G1: PCITG1: 173 (29.5)G1: 133 (37.7)
 Moderate (30)G2: WLCG2: 176 (30.2)G2: 170 (36)
Azrin et al 2001119G1: FBT (23)G1: 133.55 (38.26)G1: 90.72 (36.37)
 High (56)G2: ICPS (16)G2: 145.93 (35.58)G2: 110.35 (45.92)
Havighurst et al 2013123G1: TIK (30)G1: 169.34 (2.99)G1: 141.26 (23.79)
 Moderate (62)G2: TAU (23)G2: 165.99 (28.82)G2: 157.46 (31.30)
  • ECBI-I, Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory–Intensity; FBT, family-behavioral therapy; HNC, Helping the Noncompliant Child; IY-CT, Incredible Years–Child Training; ICPS, individual cognitive problem solving; IY-PT, Incredible Years–Parent Training; PMTO, Parent Management Training Oregon Model; TIK, Tuning Into Kids; WLC, waitlist control.