TABLE 2

Unexpected Complication Rates by Individual Socioeconomic and Medical Factors (Florida, 2004–2013)

Term BirthsUnexpected Complication Rate (per 1000 Live Births)
TotalSevereModerate
Total1 604 77436.718.018.7
Socioeconomic
Maternal age, y<20149 16644.222.621.6
20–29854 67137.818.619.2
30–39556 90133.215.917.3
≥4044 03636.317.718.6
Maternal race and ethnicityNH white762 01137.217.519.7
NH black284 46038.619.818.8
Hispanic: Mexican89 74033.916.417.5
Hispanic: Puerto Rican87 80631.615.416.2
Hispanic: Cuban88 23838.023.514.5
Hispanic: Central or South American98 08634.816.718.1
Other Hispanic65 26934.817.317.5
Haitian53 42344.720.624.1
Other, NH75 74130.714.915.8
Maternal marital statusMarried887 33631.615.316.3
Not married717 43843.021.321.7
Father acknowledged on BCaYes1 427 96935.217.218.0
No176 80548.624.024.6
Maternal educationLess than high school267 73344.221.422.8
High school graduate or GED507 32040.920.620.3
Some college (no degree)302 70736.217.518.7
College graduate (associate or greater)527 01429.214.015.2
Insurance statusMedicaid790 75443.021.421.6
Private734 79229.714.315.4
Self-pay60 74234.316.517.8
Other18 48652.422.430.0
Medical
Birth order and historyFirst delivery676 16743.522.321.2
Second or third, without previous CS542 96531.414.017.4
Second or third, with previous CS229 59128.414.813.6
Fourth or later, without previous CS119 44837.317.020.3
Fourth or later, with previous CS36 60340.119.820.3
Maternal prepregnancy BMIUnderweight (<18.5)71 27436.016.919.1
Normal (18.5–24.9)745 07634.116.217.9
Overweight (25–29.9) or Obese I (30–34.9)545 69938.319.418.9
Obese II (35–39.9)78 32642.121.820.3
Obese III (≥40)50 70448.726.921.8
Unknown113 69537.216.820.4
Tobacco use during pregnancyYes129 98351.724.227.5
No1 474 79135.317.417.9
  • BC, birth certificate; CS, cesarean delivery; NH, non-Hispanic.

  • a Based on whether the father’s age is reported on the BC.