TABLE 1

Study Characteristics

CharacteristicPreschool AgeSchool AgeAdolescentAll Ages
23291466
Study design
 RCT22241359
 Cohort1517
Location
 USA and Canada1013629
 Europe413723
 Australia82011
 Other1113
Population characteristics
 Mean age, y4.267.9815.348.21
 Proportion male, %68.2577.7371.4072.94
 Randomized2011358515797175
 Analyzeda1815301914716305
Intervention component
 Child only0112
 Parent only1411025
 Multiple components9171339
Intervention
 IY57012
 Triple P5005
 PCIT7007
 MST0055
 BSFT0033
 Other622634
Outcome measureb
 ECBI2010131
 CBCL815831
 SDQ2406
 Observation4307
 Other14221248
Risk of bias (quality)
 High109524
 Moderate1118534
 Low2248
 Total23291466
  • BSFT, Brief Strategic Family Therapy; IY, Incredible Years; MST, multisystemic therapy; SDQ, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.

  • a Some studies do not report the number analyzed.

  • b Numbers do not tally because studies could use >1 measure.