Mediterranean Diet Quality (KIDMED Score and Index) and Frequencies of Response to Each Item of the KIDMED Test in Subjects With ADHD and in Control Subjects

ADHD Cases (n = 60)Controls (n = 60)P
KIDMED test score total, mean (SD)6.2 (2.0)8.1 (1.8)<.001*
KIDMED index, %
 Poor (≤3 points)11.70.0
 Average (4–7 points)58.336.7<.001*
 Good (8–12 points)30.063.3
KIDMED test, % yes
 Fruit or fruit juice daily71.778.3.399
 Second serving of fruit daily20.038.3.027*
 Fresh or cooked vegetables daily35.058.3.010*
 Fresh or cooked vegetables more than once a day31.761.7<.001*
 Regular fish consumption (at least 2–3/week)81.786.7.453
 More than once per week at fast-food (hamburger) restaurant20.01.7<.001*
 Pulses more than once a week68.381.7.092
 Pasta or rice almost every day (≥5 times/week)55.085.0<.001*
 Cereals or cereal product (bread) for breakfast91.798.3.094
 Regular nut consumption (at least 2–3 times/week)33.326.7.426
 Use of olive oil at home98.398.3.999
 No breakfast6.70.0.042*
 Dairy product for breakfast (yogurt, milk, etc)98.398.3.999
 Commercially baked goods or pastries for breakfast61.761.7.999
 Two yogurts and/or some cheese (40 g) daily81.790.0.119
 Sweets and candy several times every day48.335.0.139
  • KIDMED, Test to evaluate the adherence to the Mediterranean Diet.

  • * P < .05.