TABLE 5

Number of Children Affected After Discharge From the Birth Hospital

ICD-10 ClassificationNumber of Children (%)OR (95% CI)
NAS (n = 3837)No NAS (n = 1 016 565)UnadjustedAdjusteda
Infections and parasitic disease (A00–B99)622 (16.2)113 441 (11.2)1.54 (1.41–1.68)*1.01 (0.92–1.11)*
 Intestinal infection (A00–A9)266 (6.9)51 048 (5.0)1.41 (1.24–1.60)*0.89 (0.58–1.38)
Neoplasms (C00–D48)23 (0.6)6055 (0.6)1.01 (0.67–1.52)0.98 (0.63–1.53)
Malnutrition or nutritional deficiency (E40–64)3 (0.1)778 (0.1)1.02 (0.33–3.18)0.48 (0.12–1.94)
Mental and behavioral disorders (F00–99)96 (2.5)9924 (1.0)2.60 (2.12–3.19)*2.05 (1.66–2.54)*
 Adjustment disorder (F43.2)1426.31 (0.87–45.85)2.00 (0.26–15.20)
 Anxiety disorder, unspecified (F41.9)3 (0.1)158 (0.0)5.03 (1.61–15.78)**3.02 (0.93–9.80)
 Mental Retardation (F70–79)13 (0.3)1238 (0.1)2.79 (1.61–4.82)*1.68 (0.96–2.93)
 Disorders of psychological development (F80–89)39 (1.1)3592 (0.4)2.90 (2.11–4.00)*1.74 (1.26–2.41)*
  Disorder of speech/language12 (0.3)887 (0.1)3.59 (2.03–6.36)*2.42 (1.35–4.34)**
  Autism15 (0.4)1113 (0.1)3.58 (2.15–6.00)*2.48 (1.47–4.18)*
 Behavioral and emotional disorders with onset in childhood or adolescence (F90–99)32 (0.83)2090 (0.2)4.08 (2.88–5.80)*2.30 (1.60–3.30)*
  Disturbance to attention and activity (F90.0)13 (0.3)346 (0.0)9.99 (5.73–17.39)*3.73 (2.10–6.61)*
  Conduct disorder (F91)13 (0.3)1009 (0.1)3.42 (1.98–5.92)*2.11 (1.21–3.70)**
  Oppositional defiant disorder (F91.3)6 (0.2)225 (0.0)7.07 (3.14–15.93)*2.90 (1.26–6.66)***
  Mixed conduct and emotional disorders (F92)4 (0.1)61 (0.0)17.39 (6.32–47.85)*6.65 (2.29–19.34)*
  Emotional disorder (childhood) (F93)4 (0.1)208 (0.0)5.10 (1.90–13.72)**3.9 (1.5–10.6)
Cerebral Palsy20 (0.5)1703 (0.2)3.12 (2.01–4.86)*1.90 (1.21–2.99)**
Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00–59)146 (3.8)13 497 (1.3)2.94 (2.49–3.47)*1.93 (1.62–2.31)*
 Strabismus (H50)75 (2.0)2558 (0.3)7.90 (6.27–9.97)*4.73 (3.69–6.05)*
 Nystagmus (H55)11 (0.3)234 (0.0)12.49 (6.82–22.88)*7.99 (4.15–15.40)*
Diseases of respiratory system (J00–99)894 (23.3)173 829 (17.1)1.47 (1.37–1.59)*0.85 (0.79–0.93)*
 Asthma (J45)210 (5.5)31 615 (3.1)1.80 (1.57–2.07)*1.10 (0.95–1.27)
 Respiratory infection (J00–22)329 (8.6)51 997 (5.1)1.74 (1.55–1.95)*1.00 (0.88–1.13)
Diseases of digestive system (K00–93)128 (3.3)21 647 (2.1)1.59 (1.33–1.89)*1.15 (0.96–1.38)
Diseases of the skin and SC tissue (L00–99)197 (5.1)27 020 (2.7)1.98 (1.72–2.29)*1.26 (1.08–1.46)**
 Infection of skin and subcutaneous tissues (L00–08)94 (2.4)12 146 (1.2)2.08 (1.69–2.55)*1.14 (0.92–1.41)
 Impetigo (L01)20 (0.5)1179 (0.1)4.51 (2.90–7.03)*1.90 (1.20–3.03)*
Diseases of musculoskeletal and CT (M00–99)47 (1.2)8927 (0.9)1.40 (1.05–1.87)**1.07 (0.79–1.43)
Diseases of the genitourinary system (N00–99)101 (2.6)25 230 (2.5)1.06 (0.87–1.30)0.92 (0.75–1.13)
Perinatal conditions (P00–96)265 (6.9)25 793 (2.5)2.85 (2.51–3.23)*1.97 (1.71–2.27)*
Injury, poisoning, and other consequences of external causes (S00–T98)478 (12.5)69 977 (6.9)1.93 (1.75–2.12)*1.34 (1.20–1.49)*
 Burns and corrosions (T20–32)41 (1.1)4139 (0.4)2.64 (1.94–3.60)*1.52 (1.11–2.09)*
 Poisoning by drugs, medicaments, and toxic substances (T36–50)43 (1.1)3231 (0.3)3.56 (2.63–4.81)*1.78 (1.30–2.42)*
  Benzodiazepines (T42.4)12 (0.3)389 (0)8.20 (4.61–14.57)*3.12 (1.73–5.63)*
  Narcotic/psycholeptics (T40)17 (0.4)195 (0.0)23.20 (14.12–38.12)*7.22 (3.99–13.05)*
  Opioid (T40.1–0.4)13 (0.3)168 (0)20.57 (11.69–36.19)*7.10 (3.93–12.83)*
 Maltreatment syndrome (T74)28 (0.7)355 (0.0)21.04 (14.30–30.96)*5.08 (3.38–7.64)*
  Neglect/abandonment (T74.0)12 (0.3)118 (0.0)27.02 (14.91–48.98)*4.81 (2.58–8.97)*
  Physical abuse (T74.1)3 (0.1)133 (0.0)5.98 (1.90–18.79)**1.84 (0.57–5.92)
  Unspecified maltreatment (T74.9)8 (0.2)59 (0.0)36.00 (17.19–75.38)*9.26 (4.27–20.12)*
External causes of mortality and morbidity43 (1.1)8328 (0.8)1.37 (1.02–1.86)**
 Accidents (V01–X59)440 (11.5)64 497 (6.3)1.91 (1.73–2.11)*1.32 (1.18–1.47)*
 Assault (X85–Y09)45 (1.2)791 (0.1)15.24 (11.27–20.61)*4.25 (3.09–5.84)*
Factors influencing health status and contact with health services50972 2412.00 (1.82–2.20)*1.60 (1.44–1.77)*
 Social environmental problems (Z60)60 (1.6)585 (0.1)27.59 (21.11–36.05)*7.99 (5.96–10.72)*
 Negative life event in childhood (Z61)15 (0.4)287 (0.0)13.90 (8.26–23.38)*4.27 (2.48–7.33)*
 Problem with primary support group (Z63)88 (2.3)1849 (0.2)12.88 (10.38–15.99)*4.70 (3.72–5.94)*
  • * P < .001. **P < .01. ***P < .05.

  • a Adjusted for gender, young mother (<20 y old), maternal smoking, prematurity, low Socioeconomic Indexes for Area, rural residence, Indigenous Australian.