TABLE 4

National Estimates of Medications Commonly Implicated in ED Visits for Unsupervised Exposures by Children Aged <6 Years, United States, 2010–2013

Most Commonly Implicated MedicationsED Visits: Annual National Estimate
No.%95% CI
Oral prescription solid medications
 Opioid analgesics466113.811.8–15.8
 Benzodiazepines429312.710.8–14.7
 Antidepressants359410.78.9–12.4
 β-blockers20806.25.0–7.4
 Amphetamine-related stimulants19655.84.5–7.1
 Centrally acting antiadrenergics18475.54.0–6.9
 Anticonvulsants17155.14.0–6.2
 Oral hypoglycemics14544.32.6–6.0
 Skeletal muscle relaxants14374.33.2–5.3
 Calcium channel blockers13774.12.6–5.5
 Atypical antipsychotics13183.92.8–5.0
 Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors12393.72.8–4.5
Oral OTC solid medications
 Acetaminophen301719.215.6–22.7
 Vitamins/minerals268717.113.9–20.3
 Ibuprofen166310.68.1–13.0
 Herbals/alternative therapies162910.48.0–12.7
 Acetaminophen and/or aspirin-containing analgesic combinations11707.45.5–9.3
 Aspirin10216.53.8–9.2
 Diphenhydramine9065.84.0–7.5
 Second-generation antihistamines7064.53.1–5.9
 Cough and cold remedies6784.32.4–6.2
 Antiulcer agents5063.21.6–4.9
Oral OTC liquid medications
 Acetaminophen260732.925.6–40.1
 Cough and cold remedies218227.520.2–34.9
 Ibuprofen124815.711.8–19.7
 Diphenhydramine123515.611.4–19.8
  • Estimates based on the NEISS-CADES project, 2010 through 2013. Medications implicated in at least 3% of estimated ED visits for the 3 most commonly implicated dosage form and prescription status combinations are listed.