TABLE 2

Comparison of Patients With and Without a Comorbid MHC in 10 Medical and 10 Surgical Diagnosis Groups (APR-DRGs)

Medical APR-DRGsSurgical APR-DRGs
OverallNo MHCWith MHCPOverallNo MHCWith MHCP
Number of hospitalizations486 795420 16566 639NA183 365161 85821 506NA
Age, y (mean)9.48.614.3<.00113.112.715.9<.001
Gender (% male)51.751.453.2<.00156.355.661.7<.001
Race/ethnicity (%)<.001<.001
 White49.447.263.653.752.066.9
 Black20.721.316.910.410.112.3
 Hispanic21.322.613.127.128.814.4
 Other8.58.96.48.89.26.4
Payer (%)<.001<.001
 Public49.349.746.837.537.637.1
 Private41.841.941.351.251.648.4
 Other (self-pay, charity care)8.98.411.911.310.814.5
Patient’s ZIP code median annual income (%)<.001<.001
 <$39 00033.734.230.728.027.829.5
 $39 000-$47 99924.023.924.423.823.725.0
 $48 000-$63 99922.422.223.524.224.323.1
 ≥$64 00020.019.821.424.024.222.3
Any complex chronic condition (%)29.628.238.3<.00118.817.924.9<.001
Number of chronic conditions (mean)0.400.380.49<.0010.240.230.32<.001
Number of discharge diagnoses (mean)4.13.56.1<.0013.12.75.6<.001
Children’s hospital admission (%)24.925.322.0<.00120.721.713.1<.001
Hospital category (%)<.001<.001
 Rural9.39.48.67.67.48.7
 Urban nonteaching20.420.320.925.525.724.2
 Urban teaching70.370.370.566.966.967.1
  • MHC, mental health condition; NA, not applicable.