TABLE 3

Prevalence of MHC and Relationship With Hospital LOS

MHCMedical APR-DRGsSurgical APR-DRGs
Affected by MHCa% Difference in LOSb, (95% CI)Affected by MHCa% Difference in LOSb, (95% CI)
n%n%
ADHD19 0923.9−3% (–4 to –1%)6 5273.6−1% (–4% to 1%)
Anxiety14 1162.913% (11% to 15%)3 6302.021% (17% to 25%)
Autism9 7972.03% (1% to 5%)1 6570.95% (0% to 11%)
Bipolar disorder5 5811.14% (1% to 7%)1 1910.610% (3% to 16%)
Depression10 8712.29% (7% to 12%)2 2031.216% (11% to 21%)
Psychosis9540.220% (12% to 28%)2050.141% (23% to 61%)
Reaction disorder2 7440.639% (33% to 44%)5470.326 (8% to 47%)
Substance abuse18 5463.8−4% (–5 to –3%)9 4685.210 (7% to 12%)
Multiple MHCs18 0313.714% (13% to 15%)4 0982.230 (27% to 33%)
  • MHC, mental health condition.

  • a A hospitalization may be represented more than once if >1 MHC was documented.

  • b Models adjusted for age, sex, race, payer, ZIP code income quartile, number of complex condition diagnoses, complex chronic condition diagnoses, children’s hospital status, hospital location and teaching status, and APR-DRG.