TABLE 1

Baseline Adolescent Patient Characteristics

Characteristics% of Patients
All Patients (n = 49)Collaborative Care (n = 25)Usual Care (n = 24)
Demographic
 Age, y, mean (SD)15.0 (1.6)15.1 (1.6)14.8 (1.7)
 Female65.368.062.5
 Race
  White75.576.075.0
  Asian or Pacific Islander8.24.012.5
  Black2.04.00.0
  Other14.316.012.5
  Hispanic8.28.08.3
 Parent married79.680.079.2
 Parent education
  High school graduate or less6.14.08.3
  Some college26.528.025.0
  College graduate46.952.041.7
  Graduate school20.516.025.0
 Annual household income
  ≤$50 00020.420.020.8
  $50 000–$100 00026.528.025.0
  >$100 000K46.944.050.0
  Unknown6.28.04.2
Preinjury health concerns
 Previous ADHD or LD diagnosis18.816.720.8
 History of anxiety or depression37.537.537.5
 History of previous concussion52.141.762.5
 History of headache18.816.720.8
Injury type
 Sports related57.573.9*41.7*
 Recreation related42.526.158.3
Clinical profile at baseline
 Median days since concussion (interquartile range)66.0 (45.0)60.0 (38.0)74.5 (59.5)
 High postconcussion symptomsa83.784.083.3
 High depressive symptomsb40.840.041.7
 High anxiety symptomsc8.30.017.4
  • ADHD, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; LD, learning disability.

  • a Scores >22 on the HBI.

  • b >10 symptoms on the PHQ-9.45

  • c T-score >65 on the PROMIS-PA8.

  • * Statistically significant between groups, P ≤ .05.