TABLE 4

Incident HTN, Change in BMI and BP Across Measured Visits Relative to Baseline BMI Category in Children Ages 3–11 y

N Incident HTNNChange in SBP Mean (SE)P for Difference Baseline to Follow-upChange in DBP Mean (SE)P for Difference Baseline to Follow-up
Healthy wt
 Stayed healthy wt3827 888−3.7 (0.2)<.0001−5.6 (0.2)<.0001
 Healthy wt to overweight1467853.6 (0.4)<.0001−2.3 (0.4)<.0001
 Healthy wt to obese1919.8 (0.5)<.00012.0 (0.4).0006
 Healthy wt to severely obese12318.9 (0.9)<.00017.4 (0.8)<.0001
Overweight
 Stayed overweight52907−1.8 (0.5).0399−4.2 (0.4)<.0001
 Overweight to healthy wt73535−9.1 (0.4)<.0001−7.6 (0.3)<.0001
 Overweight to obese815144.3 (0.5)<.00010.0 (0.5).9851
 Overweight to severely obese05313.5 (1.0)<.00015.5 (0.9)<.0001
Obese
 Stayed obese173383−1.8 (0.6).1574−2.3 (0.5).0014
 Obese to healthy wt1357−15.3 (0.4)<.0001−9.9 (0.4)<.0001
 Obese to overweight142943−8.1 (0.5)<.0001−6.6 (0.5)<.0001
 Obese to severely obese159147.3 (1.0)<.00013.1 (0.9).0014
Severely obese
 Stayed severely obese1912141.8 (1.1).9951−2.1 (1.0).9017
 Severe obese to healthy wt047−20.8 (0.7)<.0001−15.2 (0.6)<.0001
 Severe obese to overweight051−13.5 (0.7)<.0001−11.8 (0.7)<.0001
 Severely obese to obese15857−7.4 (0.8)<.0001−7.6 (0.7)<.0001
  • Models adjusted for gender, race, insurance type, year of cohort entry (secular trend), study site, annual visit rate, and baseline SBP percentile.