TABLE 2

Mean and SE BP Percentilea Associated With BMI Categoryb at Baseline

TotalSBP PercentileDBP Percentile
GirlsBoys
Children ages 3–11 y
 Low normal wt41.9 (0.4)45.4 (0.4)45.2 (0.4)53.7 (0.4)56.7 (0.4)
 High normal wt45.7 (0.4)49.4 (0.4)47.4 (0.4)55.2 (0.4)56.8 (0.4)
 Overweight50.6 (0.4)53.5 (0.5)50.7 (0.5)63.8 (0.8)58.0 (0.5)
 Obese57.5 (0.4)58.5 (0.6)57.2 (0.5)59.8 (0.5)59.4 (0.5)
 Severely obese63.8 (0.6)63.7 (0.9)62.6 (0.7)63.8 (0.8)65.2 (0.7)
P for linear trend<.0001<.0001<.0001<.0001<.0001
Adolescents 12–17 y
 Low normal wt51.6 (0.4)36.2 (0.5)37.9 (0.5)44.5 (0.45)49.6 (0.5)
 High normal wt52.6 (0.3)41.5 (0.5)44.2 (0.5)46.9 (0.4)51.1 (0.5)
 Overweight54.8 (0.4)49.1 (0.6)50.4 (0.6)50.5 (0.5)53.3 (0.6)
 Obese58.1 (0.4)58.0 (0.7)58.8 (0.7)56.5 (0.6)59.1 (0.6)
 Severely obese63.5 (0.5)69.1 (1.3)67.2 (1.1)64.6 (1.1)65.9 (1.0)
P for linear trend<.0001<.0001<.0001<.0001<.0001
  • a Adjusted for race, insurance type, year of cohort entry (secular trend), study site, annual visit rate, and baseline SBP percentile.

  • b BMI categories: Low healthy wt, 5th–49th percentile; high healthy wt, 50th–84th percentile; overweight, 85th–94th percentile; obese, 95th–99th percentile, severely obese, ≥99th percentile.