TABLE 5

Incident HTN, Change in BMI and BP Across Measured Visits Relative to Baseline BMI Category in Adolescents Ages 12–17 y

N Incident HTNNChange in SBPP for Difference Baseline to Follow-upChange in DBPP for Difference Baseline to Follow-up
Healthy wt
 Stayed healthy wt2715 526−4.0 (0.4)<.0001−2.8 (0.4)<.0001
 Healthy wt to overweight1122575.1 (0.7)<.00012.0 (0.6).1927
 Healthy wt to obese01912.8 (0.9)<.00017.5 (0.8)<.0001
 Healthy wt to severely obese0520.8 (1.6)<.000114.5 (1.4)<.0001
Overweight
 Stayed overweight72592−3.4 (0.8).0086−1.9 (0.7).587
 Overweight to healthy wt41705−12.5 (0.6)<.0001−6.7 (0.5)<.0001
 Overweight to obese76584.3 (1.0)<.00013.6 (0.8).0024
 Overweight to severely obese0612.3 (1.7).001810.7 (1.4)<.0001
Obese
 Stayed obese312458−5.3 (1.0)<.0001−2.1 (0.9).7508
 Obese to healthy wt0185−22.1 (0.6)<.0001−12.3 (0.6)<.0001
 Obese to overweight91386−13.0 (0.9).9968−7.5 (0.8)<.0001
 Obese to severely obese74442.7 (1.7)<.00015.0 (1.5).0926
Severely obese
 Stayed severely obese25733−6.1 (2.0).2357−3.6 (1.7).9113
 Severe obese to healthy wt023−30.9 (1.2)<.0001−20.9 (1.0)<.0001
 Severe obese to overweight019−21.8 (1.3)<.0001−16.1 (1.2)<.0001
 Severely obese to obese4251−14.1 (1.4)<.0001−10.7 (1.2)<.0001
  • Models adjusted for gender, race, insurance type, year of cohort entry (secular trend), study site, annual visit rate, and baseline SBP percentile.