TABLE 5

Association Between ACEs and Teacher-Rated Behavior

OutcomeNo. of ACE ExposuresSample SizeaPrevalence, %OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)b
Teacher rating of behavior
Attention problemsc04386.6ReferentReferent
126712.01.9 (1.1–3.3)1.8 (1.01–3.1)
215719.13.3 (1.9–5.8)3.2 (1.8–5.7)
≥311821.23.8 (2.1–6.8)3.5 (1.8–6.5)
Total98011.8
Social problemsc04397.1ReferentReferent
127010.01.5 (0.9–2.5)1.4 (0.8–2.5)
215612.81.9 (1.1–3.5)2.0 (1.1–3.6)
≥312018.33.0 (1.6–5.3)2.7 (1.4–5.0)
Total98510.2
Aggressive behaviorc04376.0ReferentReferent
126710.51.9 (1.1–3.2)1.6 (0.9–2.8)
215515.52.9 (1.6–5.2)2.5 (1.3–4.7)
≥312014.22.6 (1.4–5.0)2.3 (1.2–4.6)
Total9799.7
  • a Sample sizes not equal because of missing data.

  • b Adjusted for child age, gender, race, ethnicity, and income, as well as maternal education and parent relationship status at birth of child.

  • c Score in top 10th percentile on teacher-rated Child Behavior Checklist subscales.