TABLE 2

Comprehensiveness of Reporting in the Included Studies

ItemStudies Reporting on the Item, Ref. No.N (%)
Personal characteristics
 Interviewer/facilitator identified14, 16–18, 20, 23, 27–37, 39–44, 61, 71, 73–7527 (69)
 Credentials14, 17, 18, 20, 28, 29, 35, 37, 39–44, 71, 7416 (41)
 Occupation of interview/facilitator14–18, 20, 26, 28, 30, 35, 39–44, 71, 73, 7419 (49)
 Gender16–18, 20, 32, 33, 35, 36, 39, 40, 42, 44, 71,7314 (36)
 Experience/training in qualitative research14,15, 17, 18, 23, 29–31, 35–37, 43, 44, 61, 71, 73–7518 (46)
Relationships with participants
 Established relationships before study17, 36, 40, 714 (10)
 Participant knowledge of interviewer361 (3)
Participant selection
 Selection method (eg, snowball, purposive, convenience)14–18, 20, 22, 23, 25, 28–35, 39–44, 61, 70–7530 (77)
 Method of approach/ recruitment15–17, 19, 21, 22, 25, 26, 29, 30, 32, 34, 35, 38–41, 43, 44, 61, 70–7526 (67)
 Sample size14–44, 61, 70–7538 (97)
 No./reasons for nonparticipation23, 25, 30, 33, 34, 41, 70, 74, 759 (23)
Setting
 Venue of data collection21, 25, 26, 30, 31, 34, 36, 39–42, 61, 70, 72, 73, 7517 (44)
 Presence of nonparticipants (eg, clinical staff)27, 30, 413 (8)
 Description of the sample14–17, 19–26, 28–35, 37–44, 61, 63, 70–72, 74, 7535 (90)
Data collection
 Questions, prompts, or topic guide14–16, 22, 23, 25–27, 29, 30, 33–35, 37–44, 70–7527 (69)
 Repeat interviews/observations14, 29, 72, 754 (10)
 Audio/visual recording14–17, 22, 23, 25, 26, 28–32, 34, 35, 37–40, 43, 44, 61, 63, 70, 71, 73, 7427 (69)
 Field notes14, 16, 20, 22, 23, 29, 31, 32, 35, 37, 40, 41, 44, 61, 7515 (38)
 Duration of data collection (interview or focus group)16, 22, 26, 31, 34, 38, 39, 61, 72, 7510 (26)
 Data (or theoretical) saturation15, 22, 35, 44, 72, 73, 757 (18)
 Participants received transcripts321 (3)
 Methodologic theory identified14–17, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31, 32, 34, 35, 39, 40, 43, 44, 61, 63, 70, 71, 73–7526 (67)
Data analysis
No. of data coders14–17, 20, 22, 23, 26, 28, 29, 31, 32, 35, 38–40, 44, 61, 71, 74, 7521 (54)
Researcher/expert triangulation (multiple researchers involved in coding and analysis)14–16, 18, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31, 32, 34, 37, 38, 40, 42, 44, 61, 71, 72, 74, 7524 (62)
Derivation of themes or findings (eg, inductive, constant comparison)14–17, 20, 22, 23, 25–29, 31, 32, 34–41, 44, 61, 63, 70–7531 (79)
Protocol for translation14–17, 20, 22, 25, 26, 28–31, 35, 38, 39, 41, 44, 61, 63, 70, 71, 7422 (56)
Protocol for data preparation/ transcription14–17, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31–35, 37–40, 43, 44, 61, 63, 70, 71, 73–7529 (74)
Use of software (eg, NVivo [QSR International, Melbourne, Australia])14, 16, 17, 20, 22, 25, 28–30, 39, 41, 43, 61, 70, 7515 (38)
Member checking (participant feedback on findings)321 (3)
Reporting
Participant quotations provided or raw data provided (picture, diary entries)14–44, 61, 63, 70–7539 (100)
Range and depth of insight into participant perspectives on clinical trials in child issues in LMICs14–44, 61, 63, 70–7539 (100)