Five Most Common Out-of-Hospital Exposures Causing Major Clinical Effects for General Unintentional or Therapeutic Error Calls

SubstanceNo. of Calls
General Unintentional
 1) Ethanol (beverages)5
 2) Acetaminophen alone3
 2) Amphetamines3
 2) Botulism3
 2) Carbon monoxide3
 2) Cocaine3
 2) SSRI3
Therapeutic Error
 1) Combination cough/cold product11
 1) GI preparation (excluding H2-blocker and PPI)11
 3) Acetaminophen alone7
 3) Methadone7
 5) Systemic antibiotic (PO, IM, IV)7
  • GI, gastrointestinal; IM, intramuscular; IV, intravenous; PPI, proton pump inhibitor; PO, by mouth; SSRI, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor.