TABLE 3

Association Between ACEs and Teacher-Reported Academic Outcomes

OutcomeNo. of ACE ExposuresSample SizeaPrevalence, %OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)b
Teacher rating of academic skills
Below average language and literacy skills044920.9ReferentReferent
127328.21.5 (1.1–2.1)1.3 (0.9–1.9)
215731.91.8 (1.2–2.6)1.5 (0.99–2.4)
≥ 312335.82.1 (1.4–3.2)1.8 (1.1–2.9)
Total100226.5
Below average science and social studies skills044613.9ReferentReferent
127320.91.6 (1.1–2.4)1.4 (0.9–2.1)
215619.91.5 (0.95–2.5)1.3 (0.8–2.1)
≥ 312322.81.8 (1.1–3.0)1.5 (0.9–2.5)
Total99817.8
Below average mathematical skills044819.6ReferentReferent
127128.01.6 (1.1–2.3)1.4 (0.97–2.0)
215527.81.6 (1.03–2.4)1.3 (0.9–2.1)
≥ 312134.72.2 (1.4–3.4)1.8 (1.1–2.9)
Total99525.0
  • a Sample sizes not equal because of missing data.

  • b Adjusted for child age, gender, race, ethnicity, and income, as well as maternal education and parent relationship status at birth of child.