TABLE 1

Patient Demographic Characteristics

PCH
CharacteristicsCategoryBefore Implementation (January 2003–March 2009), n = 1640 (46.7%)After Implementation (April 2009–December 2013), n = 1870 (53.3%)P
Admit age, y, average (SD)5.5 (3.5)5.8 (3.5)<.001
Gender, n (%)
Male914 (55.7%)1119 (59.8%).014
Female726 (44.3%)751 (40.2%)
Race or ethnicity, n (%)
White1178 (71.8%)1250 (66.8%)<.001
Hispanic282 (17.2)187 (10.0%)
Other140 (8.5%)397 (21.2%)
Unknown40 (2.4%)36 (1.9% %)
Insurance, n (%)
Medicaid449 (27.4%)635 (33.9%)<.001
Private1094 (66.7%)1140 (60.9%)
Self-pay97 (5.9%)95 (5.1%)
Severity of illness, n (%)
11128 (68.8%)1204 (64.4%).001
2403 (24.6%)466 (24.9%)
394 (5.7%)172 (9.2%)
415 (0.9%)28 (1.5%)
Community Hospitals
CharacteristicsCategoryBefore Implementation (January 2003–June 2011), n = 1279 (74.3%)After Implementation (July 2011–December 2013), n = 442 (25.7%)P
Admit age, y, average (SD)5.8 (3.7)5.9 (3.7)<.001
Gender, n (%)
Male721 (60.6%)307 (57.8%).279
Female469 (39.4%)224 (42.2%)
Race or ethnicity, n (%)
White1032 (80.7%)333 (75.3%)<.001
Hispanic139 (10.9%)4 (0.9%)
Other68 (5.3%)72 (4.2%)
Unknown40 (3.1%)33 (7.5%)
Insurance, n (%)
Medicaid332 (27.9%)157 (29.6%).551
Private809 (67.9%)357 (67.2%)
Self-pay49 (4.1%)17 (3.2%)
Severity of illness, n (%)a
1832 (69.9%)387 (72.9%).260
2328 (27.6%)132 (24.9%)
330 (2.5%)11 (2.1%)
40 (0.0%)1 (0.2%)
  • a Severity of illness: 1 = minor, 2 = moderate, 3 = major, and 4 = extreme.