TABLE 4

SES Within Effects for Child-Care Trajectories (Intensity and CB Type): Predicting SES Differences in Preadolescent Academic Achievement Scores Using Multiple Linear Regressions

ReadingWritingMath
B95% CIPESB95% CIPESB95% CIPES
Model with CCS intensity (n = 1269)
 Gender−8.52−11.41 to –5.63.00–0.34−11.72−14.42 to –9.03.00–0.47−4.77−7.71 to –1.83.00–0.18
 Birth order−1.92−3.85 to 0.00.05–0.08−2.42−4.22 to –0.62.01–0.10−2.08−4.02 to –0.13.04–0.08
 Family status4.891.09 to 8.69.010.194.631.03 to 8.24.010.196.632.67 to 10.59.000.25
 CSNR−1.03−2.59 to 0.53.19–0.04–0.77−2.23 to 0.69.30–0.03–0.78−2.38 to 0.82.34–0.03
 Difficult temperament1.910.45 to 3.36.010.081.940.57 to 3.32.010.081.590.10 to 3.08.040.06
 Maternal age2.170.58 to 3.76.010.081.630.15 to 3.12.030.071.15–0.50 to 2.80.170.05
 Family dysfunction–0.49−2.18 to 1.20.57–0.02–0.38−1.95 to 1.19.64–0.020.04−1.65 to 1.73.960.00
 Neighborhood safety–0.18−1.78 to 1.42.820.00–0.58−2.04 to 0.88.44–0.02–0.71−2.32 to 0.91.39–0.03
 Social problems in neighborhood–0.16−1.81 to 1.50.850.000.22−1.32 to 1.76.780.010.19−1.46 to 1.84.820.01
 T1—Negative parenting factor–0.60−2.62 to 1.42.56–0.02–0.26−2.14 to 1.61.78–0.010.33−1.72 to 2.39.750.01
 T1—Family deviancy factor0.58−1.15 to 2.31.510.020.23−1.37 to 1.83.780.010.74–0.98 to 2.47.400.03
 T1—Parent mental health factor–0.93−3.20 to 1.34.42–0.04–0.95−3.04 to 1.14.37–0.04–0.98−3.24 to 1.28.40–0.04
 T1—Child peer relationships Factor0.42−1.53 to 2.38.670.020.33−1.48 to 2.15.720.011.45–0.51 to 3.41.150.05
CCS intensity trajectory contrasts
 High vs low CCS hours−2.23−6.39 to 1.93.29–0.090.56−3.36 to 4.49.780.02−1.10−5.29 to 3.09.61–0.04
 Moderate vs low CCS hours−3.37−7.83 to 1.10.14–0.13−2.03−6.16 to 2.10.33–0.09−1.93−6.37 to 2.51.39–0.07
SES interactions with CCS intensity trajectories
 High CCS intensity × SES−8.94−17.25 to 0.63.03–0.35−9.22−17.01 to –1.42.02–0.37−5.33−13.60 to 2.94.21–0.20
 Moderate CCS intensity × SES−14.43−20.38 to –8.47.00–0.56−12.59−18.16 to –7.02.00–0.50−14.57−20.73 to –8.41.00–0.56
 Low CCS intensity × SES−18.43−23.75 to –13.11.00–0.72−18.37−23.35 to –13.39.00–0.74−17.14−22.58 to –11.69.00–0.66
 R20.160.190.13
 F12.93<.00116.60<.00110.67<.001
Model with CB CCS type (n = 1119)
 Gender−8.73−11.76 to –5.69.00–0.33−11.63−14.46 to –8.80.00–0.46−4.75−7.76 to –1.74.00–0.18
 Birth order−1.73−3.79 to 0.32.10–0.07−2.85−4.75 to –0.94.00–0.11−2.02−4.07 to 0.02.05–0.08
 Family status4.340.17 to 8.51.040.173.76–0.16 to 7.68.060.156.612.38 to 10.84.000.26
 CSNR–0.68−2.32 to 0.97.42–0.03–0.34−1.89 to 1.21.67–0.01–0.37−2.05 to 1.30.66–0.01
 Difficult temperament2.380.86 to 3.90.000.092.150.73 to 3.56.000.092.000.46 to 3.54.010.08
 Maternal age2.590.87 to 4.30.000.102.420.83 to 4.01.000.091.26–0.45 to 2.97.150.05
 Family dysfunction–0.34−2.10 to 1.42.70–0.01–0.21−1.89 to 1.47.81–0.010.43−1.33 to 2.19.630.01
 Neighborhood safety–0.45−2.13 to 1.23.60–0.02–0.82−2.38 to 0.74.30–0.03–0.83−2.53 to 0.87.34–0.03
 Social problems in neighborhood0.47−1.27 to 2.21.600.021.20–0.46 to 2.85.160.051.04–0.74 to 2.82.250.04
 T1—Negative parenting factor–0.69−2.77 to 1.39.52–0.03–0.43−2.42 to 1.57.67–0.020.51−1.61 to 2.62.640.02
 T1—Family deviancy factor0.78−1.04 to 2.60.400.030.61−1.03 to 2.25.470.021.06–0.70 to 2.81.240.04
 T1—Parent mental health factor–0.90−3.27 to 1.47.46–0.03–0.98−3.19 to 1.23.38–0.04−1.53−3.90 to 0.83.20–0.05
 T1—Child peer relationships factor0.13−1.94 to 2.19.900.00–0.10−2.03 to 1.84.920.000.72−1.35 to 2.78.500.03
 CB CCS trajectory contrasts
  Early-onset vs never CB CCS−6.1111.27 to –0.95.020.24−3.71−8.55 to 1.13.130.15−2.29−7.46 to 2.88.390.10
  Late-onset vs never CB CCS−3.94−7.90 to 0.02.050.08−2.22−5.86 to 1.43.230.06−3.74−7.66 to 0.18.06–0.05
 SES interactions with CCS Type Trajectories
  Never CB CCS × SES−17.65−22.58 to –12.72.00–0.69−16.45−21.04 to –11.87.00–0.66−17.3722.31 to –12.42.00–0.68
  Late-onset CB CCS × SES−8.44−15.98 to –0.89.03–0.32−10.52−17.76 to –3.27.00–0.42−7.5415.50 to 0.41.06–0.29
  Early-onset CB × SES–0.23−11.92 to 11.47.970.003.25−8.11 to 14.61.570.13−1.1914.60 to 12.21.86–0.02
  R20.150.170.13
  F10.64<.00112.83<.0018.85<.001
  • CB, center based; CI, confidence interval; T1, Time 1, 5 months to 5 years.